Passiflora cristalina (passion flower)
Passiflora cristalina flowers
Passiflora cristalina Vanderpl. & Zappi
maracujá-do-mato, passion flower
Listed by the IUCN as Data Deficient (DD) - there is not enough information to categorise this species at present.
Amazon Forest, restricted to the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Potential as an ornamental.
About this species
This new species of passion flower was discovered while a detailed vegetation survey of the Parque Estadual Cristalino, in Northeastern Mato Grosso, was being developed. This area is presently affected by agriculture, logging and land settlers. The results of this research are currently being used by local government agencies to develop a management plan for this protected area.
The vegetation in this part of the Amazon is very poorly known, and the survey represented a major step forward in scientific knowledge. Over 3,500 collections were made during the visit, and these are currently being identified at Kew and the University of São Paulo. These collections include at least five species that are new to science.
There are more than 500 species of passion flower, and in the area of the Parque Estadual Cristalino the following species have been found: Passiflora acuminata, P. candollei, P. foetida, P. laurifolia, P. miniata, P. misera, P. nitida, P. oerstedii, P. subpeltata, P. cf. trifasciata and P. vespertilio.