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Neotinea ustulata (burnt-tip orchid)

An orchid endangered in the UK, the burnt-tip orchid gets its common name from the burnt appearance of its flowers when in bud.
This orchid grows wild in the UK but like many of our native orchids it is now endangered because of  habitat loss

A group of Neotinea ustulata on Salisbury Plain (Photo: D.M. Turner Ettlinger)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase

Common name: 

burnt-tip orchid, burnt orchid

Conservation status: 

Endangered (EN) in the UK but Least Concern (LC) internationally according to IUCN Red List criteria.

Habitat: 

Rough grassland on chalky subsoil (rarely in acidic soils); mountain pastures, mountain valleys, subalpine and alpine ledges, wet Molinetum grasslands, fens and open pinewoods.

Known hazards: 

None known.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Lilianae
Order: 
Asparagales
Family: 
Orchidaceae
Genus: Neotinea

About this species

Burnt-tip orchid, Neotinea ustulata (ustulatus meaning burnt in Latin), derives its common name from the burnt appearance of its flowers when in bud. It is native to Europe where it is considered to be of Least Concern. Members of the British public voted it the county flower of Wiltshire in 2002, in a campaign run by Plantlife, a wild flora conservation charity. Large colonies of burnt-tip orchid can be found in Wiltshire, an English county notable for its abundance of chalk downs.

Synonym: 

Orchis ustulata L.

Genus: 
Neotinea

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