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Narcissus pseudonarcissus (daffodil)

The daffodil is the 'golden' flower that inspired the poetry of William Wordsworth.
Head of a daffodil

Narcissus pseudonarcissus (daffodil)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.

Common name: 

daffodil, common daffodil, wild daffodil, Easter lily, Lent lily, downdilly.

Conservation status: 

Locally abundant and not considered to be threatened.

Habitat: 

Woodlands, coppices, open meadows and grassy slopes.

Known hazards: 

The leaves, stems, seed pods and bulbs contain toxic alkaloids.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Lilianae
Order: 
Asparagales
Family: 
Amaryllidaceae
Genus: Narcissus

About this species

This well-known European flower brings bright swathes of colour to woods and grassland in early spring. Although the daffodil is sometimes known as the Easter lily, it is actually a member of the Amaryllidaceae (the plant family that also includes snowdrops) and hence is not a true lily.

The Latin name for daffodil is thought to have been inspired by Narcissus, who was a figure in Greek mythology said to have fallen in love with his reflection in a pool of water. The nodding head of the daffodil is said to represent Narcissus bending down and gazing at his reflection.

Genus: 
Narcissus

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