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Lonicera sempervirens (trumpet honeysuckle)

Trumpet honeysuckle has striking, bright red, tubular flowers and is an attractive climber, which is evergreen in very mild areas.
Leaves and tubular flowers of Lonicera sempervirens

Lonicera sempervirens

Species information

Scientific name: 

Lonicera sempervirens L.

Common name: 

trumpet honeysuckle, coral honeysuckle

Conservation status: 

Not evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria, but listed as Endangered in Maine, USA. No known threats elsewhere.

Habitat: 

Forest and open woodland.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental, traditional medicine.

Known hazards: 

The fruits can cause nausea and vomiting if eaten.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Asteranae
Order: 
Dipsacales
Family: 
Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Lonicera

About this species

Lonicera sempervirens was introduced to England by John Tradescant the Younger (1608-1662), gardener to King Charles I. He visited Virginia ‘…to gather up all raritye of flowers, plants, shells, &c...’ and listed this plant in the catalogue of his garden at South Lambeth in 1656.

During the 18th century, trumpet honeysuckle was grown at the Chelsea Physick Garden by the Curator, Philip Miller, and was well-known in English gardens, until for some unknown reason it seems to have fallen out of favour. By 1804, John Sims, writing an account of the plant for Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, stated: ‘It has been so long lost to our gardens that when lately introduced by Messrs J & JT Fraser, it was considered as new’.

Synonym: 

Periclymenum sempervirens, Phenianthus sempervirens

Genus: 
Lonicera

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