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Lactifluus gymnocarpoides (Ubutuntutuntu)

Lactifluus gymnocarpoides is an edible species of milk cap fungus that form relationships with the roots of certain tropical legume trees and is widespread in tropical Africa.
Lactifluus gymnocarpoides

Lactifluus gymnocarpoides (Photo: Annemieke Verbeken)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Lactifluus gymnocarpoides (Verbeken) Verbeken

Common name: 

Ubutuntutuntu (eastern Burundi), kpahu alama (crackling with milk, Nagot), dikookon (Ditammari), katadji (put on potash for preparation, fulfuldé), geingi (Bariba)

Conservation status: 

Widespread and not yet evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria.


Miombo woodland, riparian forest, dry coastal forest, savannah woodland, riverine forest, semi-evergreen forest.

Key Uses: 



Genus: Lactifluus

About this species

Lactifluus is a genus of fungus commonly known as milk caps, as they often exude latex (milky fluid) when cut. Until recently they were classified as Lactarius. Lactifluus is well represented in tropical Africa and Madagascar with 58 accepted species, although the full count is probably more than 80.

The genus was recently split from Lactarius after it was demonstrated that Lactarius and Russula (Russulaceae) are paraphyletic (ie some but not all members of the group are descended from the same common ancestor) and that they should be divided among four distinct genera: Russula, Lactarius, Lactifluus and Multifurca.


Lactarius phlebophyllus ss. Morris (1990)


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