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Iris variegata (Hungarian iris)

Iris variegata has striking bicoloured flowers and is the source of many of the most colourful bearded iris cultivars.
Hungarian iris flowers

Iris variegata

Species information

Scientific name: 

Iris variegata L.

Common name: 

Hungarian iris

Conservation status: 

Not evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria.

Habitat: 

Stony slopes and open woods.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental.

Known hazards: 

All parts of both wild and cultivated irises are poisonous, especially the rhizomes (underground stems).

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Lilianae
Order: 
Asparagales
Family: 
Iridaceae
Genus: Iris

About this species

This standard, dwarf bearded iris does not in fact have variegated leaves, as the Latin name seems to suggest, but the flowers are bicoloured. Iris variegata and the many hybrids and cultivars derived from it are widely grown as ornamentals. It has striking flowers with bright yellow standard petals and veined cream and purple falls. Grown in western Europe since the late 16th century, it is a parent of many of the most colourful modern bearded iris cultivars.

Synonym: 

Iris rudskyi

Genus: 
Iris

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