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Hevea brasiliensis (rubber tree)

Hevea brasiliensis, better known as the rubber tree, is the primary source of natural rubber.
Rubber plantation, Cameroon

Rubber plantation, Cameroon

Species information

Scientific name: 

Hevea brasiliensis

Common name: 

rubber tree

Conservation status: 

Least Concern


Rubber is a crop of the humid lowland tropics between 6ºN and 6ºS.

Key Uses: 

The milky latex of Hevea brasiliensis is the raw material for natural rubber.

Known hazards: 

Proteins present in natural rubber latex may cause allergic reactions.


Genus: Hevea

About this species

Hevea brasiliensis is native to Brazil (parts of the Amazon Basin and Matto Grosso) and the Guianas, but most of the world's rubber comes from plantations in Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia. Although rubber is still tapped from wild trees in the Amazon basin, production in South American plantations is hampered by a fungal disease known as South American leaf blight.

The genus Hevea is a member of the family Euphorbiaceae. Only three species of the genus yield usable rubber, Hevea brasiliensis, Hevea guianensis and Hevea benthamiana. Other species have too high a ratio of resin to rubber in their latex. Hevea brasiliensis is the only species planted commercially and is the primary source of natural rubber.


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