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Gmelina arborea (gamhar)

Gamhar is a southeast Asian tree that produces high-quality wood, which is used to make furniture and musical instruments, such as Indian sitars and drums.
Glands of Gmelina arborea

Glands of Gmelina arborea

Species information

Scientific name: 

Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Common name: 

gamhar, gumhar, gamari, beechwood, goomar teak, Kashmir tree, Malay beechwood, white teak, vemane

Conservation status: 

Rated by the IUCN as of Least Concern (LC).


Tropical semi-evergreen, moist and dry deciduous forest.

Key Uses: 

Building material, local medicine.

Known hazards: 

None known.


Genus: Gmelina

About this species

This tropical forest species has high economic potential because of its rapid growth and wide variety of uses.

The genus Gmelina was named by Carl Linnaeus in honour of Johann Georg Gmelin (1709-1755), who was Professor of Medicine, Botany and Chemistry in Tübingen, Germany, and an explorer in Siberia in the service of the Tsar of Russia.


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