Gladiolus dzavakheticus (sword lily)
Gladiolus dzavakheticus (Photo: David Kikodze, Tbilisi Botanical Garden and Institute of Botany)
Gladiolus dzavakheticus Eristavi
On the Red List of the Caucasus.
Food (corms edible when boiled or roasted), ornamental.
About this species
The generic name Gladiolus means 'little sword' in Latin, and the Georgian common name for G. dzavakheticus translates into English as 'sword'. When collecting seeds from this species in 2009, the Millennium Seed Bank team at the Tbilisi Botanical Garden and Institute of Botany caused a stir when the locals thought they were looking for real swords, as buried artefacts, and were keen to assist in making archaeological discoveries!