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Gentiana acaulis (stemless gentian)

Stemless gentian is a central European species and can be seen on the back of the Austrian € 0.01 (one euro cent) coin. It has also been chosen as the logo of the Alpine Garden Society.
Flower of stemless gentian

Gentiana acaulis

Species information

Scientific name: 

Gentiana acaulis L.

Common name: 

stemless gentian, trumpet gentian

Conservation status: 

Not Evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria.

Habitat: 

Rocky meadows, screes and alpine and subalpine coniferous forests; at altitudes of 1,700 to 3,000 m.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental, medicinal.

Known hazards: 

None known.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Asteranae
Order: 
Gentianales
Family: 
Gentianaceae
Genus: Gentiana

About this species

Gentiana acaulis was in cultivation as long ago as the 18th century. The spring-flowering Gentiana acaulis was the first gentian to be featured in the Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, appearing in the second volume in 1788. The name ‘acaulis’ means stemless. Acaulis is also used as a group name covering a number of gentians with very short stems in which the flowers appear to sit directly on the mat of leaves.

Synonym: 

Ciminalis acaulis, Ciminalis grandiflora, Ciminalis longiflora, Ericala alpina, Gentiana excisa, Gentiana grandiflora, Gentiana kochiana, Gentiana vulgaris, Gentianusa acaulis.

Genus: 
Gentiana

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