Skip to main content
You are here
Facebook icon
Pinterest icon
Twitter icon

Eucomis bicolor (pineapple lily)

Pineapple lily is a summer-flowering, bulbous perennial with an impressive, long-lasting display of star-shaped flowers.
Eucomis bicolor (pineapple lily) inflorescence

Eucomis bicolor inflorescence (Photo: Mike Peel, licensed under CC BY 2.5)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Eucomis bicolor Baker

Common name: 

pineapple lily, pineapple flower (English); bontpynappelblom, bospynappellelie (Afrikaans); imbola, umbola (Zulu); kxampumpu-ya-thaba (Sotho)

Conservation status: 

Near Threatened in South Africa according to IUCN Red List criteria.


Forest and grassland; often on mountain slopes, cliffs and along watercourses.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental, traditional medicine.

Known hazards: 

None known, although the bulbs of other species, such as Eucomis autumnalis, are toxic if ingested.


Genus: Eucomis

About this species

Eucomis bicolor was described in 1878 by English botanist John Gilbert Baker. The most commonly cultivated of ten known species of Eucomis, pineapple lily is often used to give a tropical appearance to temperate gardens. Flowers are long-lasting, making pineapple lily an excellent late-summer to autumn interest plant.

The generic name Eucomis derives from the Greek eukomos meaning ‘lovely-haired’ and refers to the crown of leafy bracts at the top of the flowering stem.


main info

Courses at Kew

Students learn about plant taxonomy and identification

Kew offers a variety of specialist training courses in horticulture, conservation and plant science.

Why People Need Plants

image of book cover

A compelling book from Kew Publishing that explores the crucial role that plants play in the everyday lives of all of us.