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Eucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)

The principal source of eucalyptus oil, Tasmanian blue gum is a tall, evergreen tree native to Tasmania and Victoria and is the most widely cultivated eucalypt across Australia and the rest of the world.
Trunk of Tasmanian blue gum

Eucalyptus globulus near Hobart, Tasmania (Photo: Stephen Hopper)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Common name: 

Tasmanian blue gum, southern blue gum, blue gum

Conservation status: 

Not threatened.


Tall, open forest on a wide range of soils.

Key Uses: 

Essential oil, medicinal, timber, paper pulp, herbal tea, honey, carbon sequestration, ornamental.

Known hazards: 

Eucalyptus oil can cause headaches and convulsions and can be fatal if ingested. It should be kept out of the reach of children. The oil can also cause contact dermatitis.


Genus: Eucalyptus

About this species

Tasmanian blue gum was first described in 1799 by Jacques de Labillardière, a French botanist who collected specimens at Recherche Bay on the south-east coast of Tasmania during the d’Entrecasteaux expedition in 1792. The specific epithet globulus is Latin for globe-like or spherical and refers to the shape of the fruit.

Eucalyptus globulus forms tall, open forests, growing in monospecific stands or with other species of eucalypt. It can grow as a stunted shrub in extreme environments, such as on rock outcrops. It is adapted to temperate environments with winter rainfall and sufficient summer rainfall, and thrives in the cool zones of tropical mountains. It is widely planted across southern Australia and in many other parts of the world for paper pulp and timber production, and as an ornamental. In 1962 E. globulus was proclaimed the floral emblem of Tasmania.

Medicinal Uses

The leaves of Eucalyptus globulus are the principal source of eucalyptus oil. The oil is antiseptic and is used medicinally as a decongestant for treating catarrh, bronchitis and influenza. It is also used in liniments for bruises, sprains and muscular pains, and to make herbal tea infusions.


Eucalyptus gigantea


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