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Delonix regia (flamboyant)

Although widely cultivated in the tropics since the 19th century, the native habitat of flamboyant was unknown to science until the 1930s, when it was rediscovered growing in the wild in Madagascar.
Delonix regia red flowers in Rustenburg, South Africa

Delonix regia in Rustenburg, South Africa (Photo: Wolfgang Stuppy)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Delonix regia (Bojer ex Hook.) Raf.

Common name: 

flamboyant

Conservation status: 

Least Concern (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria.

Habitat: 

Malagasy dry forest.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental.

Known hazards: 

Roots can damage nearby building foundations, paving and drains; the branches of the tree are brittle and can fall without warning.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Rosanae
Order: 
Fabales
Family: 
Leguminosae/ Fabaceae - Caesalpinioideae
Genus: Delonix

About this species

Delonix regia is a very distinctive tree with large, bright red flowers. The genus name is derived from the Greek words delos (meaning conspicuous), and onyx, meaning claw, referring to the appearance of the spectacular flowers. The tree is commonly cultivated in the tropics and subtropics, including Madagascar, for its ornamental value, but is under increasing threat in its natural habitat due to habitat destruction.

Synonym: 

Poinciana regia

Genus: 
Delonix

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