Curcuma pseudomontana (hill turmeric)
Curcuma pseudomontana (hill turmeric) (Photo: Dr Sachin A. Punekar, Biospheres)
Curcuma pseudomontana J.Graham
hill turmeric (English); kachura (Hindi); kattumanjal (Tamil)
Near Threatened (NT) according toIUCN Red List criteria.
Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forest.
About this species
Hill turmeric is only found in the Western and Eastern Ghats of India, where it is used for the production of arrowroot powder (a starch normally obtained from Maranta arundinacea or Curcuma angustifolia) and in local and tribal medicine.
A genus within the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), Curcuma contains nearly 100 species, including turmeric (Curcuma longa), the underground stems of which are the source of the bright yellow spice. The name Curcuma comes from the Arabic kurkum meaning turmeric.
Curcuma grahamiana Voigt, Curcuma ranadei Prain