Curcuma caulina (Indian arrowroot)
Curcuma caulina (Indian arrowroot) (Photo: Dr Sachin A. Punekar, Biospheres)
Curcuma caulina J.Graham
Indian arrowroot, arrowroot lily (English); chavar (Marathi); tikhur (Hindi)
Vulnerable (VU) according to IUCN Red List criteria.
Mixed deciduous forest.
About this species
Curcuma caulina is a tall, annual herb that is endemic to the state of Maharashtra in southwestern India. It is used to produce arrowroot (a starch normally obtained from Maranta arundinacea or Curcuma angustifolia).
A genus within the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), Curcuma contains nearly 100 species, including turmeric (Curcuma longa), the underground stems of which are the source of the bright yellow spice. The name Curcuma comes from the Arabic kurkum meaning turmeric.
Hitchenia caulina (J.Graham) Baker