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Crassula coccinea (red crassula)

Red crassula is a succulent plant with flat heads of striking, bright scarlet flowers.
red crassula flowers

Crassula coccinea on Table Mountain, Cape Town (Photo: Andrew Massyn)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Crassula coccinea L.

Common name: 

red crassula, klipblom

Conservation status: 

Least Concern (LC) according to the Red List of South African Plants 2009, following IUCN Red List criteria.

Habitat: 

In rock crevices near the coast.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental.

Known hazards: 

None known.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Order unplaced
Order: 
Saxifragales
Family: 
Crassulaceae
Genus: Crassula

About this species

There are around 200 species of Crassula, many of which are found in southern Africa. A number of these have been introduced to Europe and North America, primarily as plants for the conservatory or gardens in mild climates.

Crassula coccinea has been known in Britain since the early 18th century. The author (probably John Sims) of the text accompanying Sydenham Edwards’ plate of the plant in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine noted that ‘We have no doubt but that when this superb species of Crassula was first introduced from the Cape by Prof. Bradley, of Oxford, in 1714, it was regarded as a kind of Merveil [sic] de la Nature; even now that it is common, we scarcely know any succulent that is superior to it...’. Bradley seems to have been a dubious character, and although there is no record that he visited the Cape, he is known to have visited botanists and gardeners in Holland in 1714. It is almost certain that the plant arrived in England via this route.

Synonym: 

Rochea coccinea DC.

Genus: 
Crassula

main info

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