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Commiphora guidottii (scented myrrh)

Believed to be the source of the scented myrrh mentioned in the Bible, Commiphora guidottii is a tree native to Somalia and Ethiopia.
Pressed specimen of Commiphora guidottii

Pressed specimen of Commiphora guidottii collected in Somalia in 1930 by R. Guidotti.

Species information

Scientific name: 

Commiphora guidottii Chiov.

Common name: 

scented myrrh, myrrh, bissabol, habak hadi (Somali vernacular name for resin)

Conservation status: 

Lower Risk/near threatened (LR/nt) according to IUCN Red List criteria.

Habitat: 

Acacia-Commiphora bushland, associated with gypsum soils.

Key Uses: 

Medicinal, perfumery, incense, cattle feed.

Known hazards: 

None known for this species, but other Commiphora species can cause allergic skin reactions.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Rosanae
Order: 
Sapindales
Family: 
Burseraceae
Genus: Commiphora

About this species

A tree of arid areas, Commiphora guidottii is the source of the oleo-gum-resin known as scented myrrh. The trees are tapped during the dry season by making incisions in the bark. At present, Somalia is the major exporter of scented myrrh.

Synonym: 

Commiphora sessiliflora

Genus: 
Commiphora

main info

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