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Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit)

Breadfruit is a tall tropical tree with divided leaves and large green to yellow fruits with an edible, starchy, white or cream-coloured flesh.
Artocarpus altilis female cone and leaves

Artocarpus altilis female cone and leaves (Photo: Wolfgang Stuppy)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg

Common name: 

breadfruit (English); beta (Vanuatu); bia, bulo, nimbalu (Solomon Islands); kapiak (Papua New Guinea). More common names listed below.

Conservation status: 

Not evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria, but widely cultivated throughout the tropics.

Habitat: 

Riverine swamp forest and lowland evergreen rainforest.

Key Uses: 

Food plant in the tropics, timber, medicinal, occasionally planted as an ornamental.

Known hazards: 

None known.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Rosanae
Order: 
Rosales
Family: 
Moraceae
Genus: Artocarpus

About this species

Breadfruit is a tropical tree, commonly cultivated for food in the Pacific Islands, Malesia (Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, the Philippines and Brunei) and southern India. The fruits are large and green or yellowish, with a lumpy or spiny surface. They are full of starch and may be cooked whole, stuffed with meat, coconut or fruit, or stored as a fermented mash. The taste when cooked has been compared to bread or potato.

Synonym: 

Artocarpus communis, Artocarpus incisus

Genus: 
Artocarpus

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