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Actinidia kolomikta (kolomikta vine)

A climber with unusual, variegated leaves, splashed with pink and white, kolomikta vine has small flowers with a fragrance similar to that of lily-of-the-valley.
Heart-shaped green leaves splashed with pink and white

Distinctive leaves of Actinidia kolomikta (Photo: Martyn Rix)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.

Common name: 

kolomikta vine, kolomikta kiwi (USA), miyama-mata-tabi (Japan)

Conservation status: 

Not known to be threatened.


Clearings in mixed forest on mountainsides.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental, edible fruit.

Known hazards: 

None known.


Genus: Actinidia

About this species

Actinidia kolomikta was described as a new species in 1856 by the Russian botanist Carl Johann Maximowicz (1827-1891) from specimens he collected in the northern Amur River valley in Manchuria. The specific epithet derives from the local name for the plant – ‘kolomikta’ or ‘kotomikta’. It was introduced to Great Britain by Charles Maries (1851-1902), an English plantsman who travelled through China and Japan, and sent seeds of A. kolomikta to the Veitch nursery in Chelsea in 1877. However, the climber was already known and grown in France and the United States by then.

Actinidia kolomikta is related to the Chinese gooseberry, A. deliciosa, the fruits of which are grown commercially in New Zealand and marketed as kiwi fruits. In Russia in particular, the smaller, edible fruits of A. kolomikta are also popular, but both male and female plants are needed for pollination and the production of fruit.


Actinidia gagnepainii, Actinidia longicauda


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