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Abutilon ranadei (Ghanti Mudra)

Abutilon ranadei is a Critically Endangered shrub with great potential as an ornamental; it is restricted to Maharashtra State in western India.
Flowers of Ghanti Mudra

Abutilon ranadei flower - pollination stage (Photo: Dr. Sachin A. Punekar)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Abutilon ranadei Woodrow & Stapf

Common name: 

Ghanti Mudra, Son-Ghanta

Conservation status: 

Critically Endangered (CR) according to IUCN Red List criteria.


Edges of moist deciduous forest.

Key Uses: 

Potential ornamental.

Known hazards: 

None known.


Genus: Abutilon

About this species

Abutilon ranadei was first collected at Amba Ghat in the Kolhapur District of Maharashtra State by Namdeorao B. Ranade, sometime Keeper of the Herbarium at the College of Science, Pune. Kew botanist Otto Stapf and G.M. Woodrow described it as a new species in 1894 and named it in honour of Mr Ranade. Because of its narrow range and extreme rarity, in the past it has been rated as Endangered or even presumed extinct, and has only recently been assigned to the Critically Endangered category. In addition to its type locality, A. ranadei has now been collected in nine new locations: in Pune (Shilimb, Rajgad, Torna Fort, Purandhar Fort), Satara (Vasota Fort), Sangali (Gothne, Prachitgad), Kolhapur (Radhanagari), and Sindhudurg (Amboli) Districts of Maharashtra State.


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