Abutilon ranadei (Ghanti Mudra)
Abutilon ranadei flower - pollination stage (Photo: Dr. Sachin A. Punekar)
Abutilon ranadei Woodrow & Stapf
Ghanti Mudra, Son-Ghanta
Critically Endangered (CR) according to IUCN Red List criteria.
Edges of moist deciduous forest.
About this species
Abutilon ranadei was first collected at Amba Ghat in the Kolhapur District of Maharashtra State by Namdeorao B. Ranade, sometime Keeper of the Herbarium at the College of Science, Pune. Kew botanist Otto Stapf and G.M. Woodrow described it as a new species in 1894 and named it in honour of Mr Ranade. Because of its narrow range and extreme rarity, in the past it has been rated as Endangered or even presumed extinct, and has only recently been assigned to the Critically Endangered category. In addition to its type locality, A. ranadei has now been collected in nine new locations: in Pune (Shilimb, Rajgad, Torna Fort, Purandhar Fort), Satara (Vasota Fort), Sangali (Gothne, Prachitgad), Kolhapur (Radhanagari), and Sindhudurg (Amboli) Districts of Maharashtra State.