South African flora
A land of contrasts and colour, South Africa has a flora that is unique. Nowhere else on Earth are there so many plant species in such a small area. With 22,000 different species, it is also home to one of the world’s six ‘floral kingdoms’.
The Cape Floral Kingdom, in the south-western corner of the country, is mainly composed of fynbos (fayn-boss), which means ‘fine-leaved bush’. This heathy shrubland is full of tough-leaved evergreen plants that thrive on winter rainfall and summer droughts. 9000 different species of astonishing variety make up the fynbos, 70% of which grow nowhere else.
Fynbos plants include: restios (grass-like rushes), ericas (heaths), proteas and daisies.
Did you know?
South Africa is also home to Renosterveld (which means rhinoceros bush): a type of vegetation that seasonally erupts with the vibrant colour of annuals and bulbs.