History of Garden Roses
Hybrid China, Portland and Bourbon roses
The Noisette group are derived from a cross between Rosa moschata and 'Old Blush China ' made by John Champneys of Charleston, S. Carolina, in about 1802. Seedlings from the resulting hybrid were raised by a Charleston nurseryman Philippe Noisette and sent to France where they were developed. One, which flowered repeatedly, was named 'Blush Noisette' which when crossed with 'Parks' yellow china produced the yellow Tea Roses and also the Tea Noisettes.
Hybrid Perpetuals are a mixture of Bourbons, Portlands and other existing groups, bred to produce large, full flowers on robust plants. They are very vigorous and in late summer produce tall new shoots which, when pegged down, flower along their entire length in the following season. The results of this practice made them very popular in the late 19th century.
Hybrid Perpetuals crossed with Tea Roses formed the Hybrid Tea group.