Plants & Fungi A - Z
Explore our profiles of plants and fungi.
These illustrated profiles contain a wealth of facts, including details on conservation, uses and habitats – as well as Kew’s connections with the species. They have been chosen to inspire interest in plants, detail our science and conservation work and showcase star plants in the Gardens.
This is a constantly growing resource with new profiles added every week - so do be sure to check back regularly.
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The stinging-nettle tree looks a bit like a papaya tree – but it does what its name suggests!
Ocimum basilicum, commonly known as basil, is an aromatic annual herb and an important economic crop.
Holy basil is an important medicinal and religious plant closely related to the basil we use for cooking.
Kew's Herbarium contains a wreath of folded olive leaves, which was found in the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun, and is over 3,300 years old.
Round-leaved restharrow is a beautiful, dwarf shrub with large, pink, red-veined pea-flowers and round, toothed, sticky leaflets.
Lilyturf is a clump-forming perennial native to Japan, a dark-leaved cultivar of which is popular as an ornamental.
A member of the pea and bean family, Ophrestia madagascariensis is a perennial vine that is only found in northwestern Madagascar.
More: Legume family
The striking flowers of the bee orchid resemble a bee, resting on a pink flower.
Ophrys speculum is a Mediterranean orchid that is pollinated exclusively by a single species of wasp.
A very common herb, oregano is widely used to give flavour to tomato or lamb dishes.
Ornithochilus cacharensis is a Critically Endangered orchid, which was recently discovered in Cachar, Assam (India).
One of the world’s most important staple crops and a major part in the diet of more than half the world’s population, rice also has many medicinal uses.
Fragrant olive is an evergreen tree or shrub, with strongly-scented flowers; it is cultivated as an ornamental and has a long history of use in traditional herbal medicine and for flavouring tea and confectionery.
Star of the veldt is a South African daisy with scented leaves and striking orange-yellow flower heads with dark centres.
The late autumn flowering tropical woodsorrel was introduced into cultivation in the 18th century, but is not widely grown due to its untidy habit and flowers that only open in the sun, which can be rare in November.
Oxalis massoniana is a clump-forming perennial with hairy stems, narrow leaves and bright orange flowers; it is named after the Scottish botanist Francis Masson.