Sandalwood - plant profile
Sandalwood is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, sometimes growing to 20 m high. It generally grows in open forest. It is a semi-parasitic plant that uses nutrients from host species to help it grow. Over 300 plants have been recorded as hosts, which can include nearby grasses, herbs, shrubs or trees.
|Image: Sandalwood drawing from the Calcutta Botanical Garden.|
Trunk - sapwood is white and unscented. Heartwood is strongly aromatic, with an oily feel and yellowish colour. The wood is widely used in carving.
There are about 19 species of Santalum, but sandalwood has the highest oil content. Other Santalum species occurring in Australia and the Pacific islands have been, or are, harvested for their fragrant wood.