Chilli pepper - plant profile
The plantCommercially produced dry chilli mainly comes from Capsicum annuum cultivars. It is a very variable species growing to 1.5 m high.
Leaves - the shape varies according to cultivar from broadly rounded to elongated with a tapering tip. The colour ranges from dark to light green and occasionally even purple.
|Image: A chilli pepper plant growing in Bradford.|
Flowers - single, white flowers usually occur at the ends of branches.
Fruits - very variable in size, shape, colour and pungency. Depending on the cultivar, they range from the mild, fleshy, sweet peppers used as vegetables and to make paprika, to the tiny, fiery, finger-like chilli peppers. Seeds are white or cream, almost circular and flat.