Chinese primrose rediscovered

A botanist at one of Kew's Millennium Seed Bank partners, the Kunming Institute of Botany, has rediscovered two populations of a primrose which was thought to be extinct in the wild.

04 May 2011

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Primula mallophylla

Primula mallophylla (Image: Dr. WU Zhi-Kun, Kunming Institute of Botany)

During a recent botanical expedition to the Dabashan mountains in northern Chongqing, Dr WU Zhi-Kun from the Chinese Millennium Seed Bank partner, the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, re-discovered two populations of a primrose with attractive purple flowers which was thought to be extinct in the wild.

Primula mallophylla

Primula mallophylla in the wild (Image: Dr WU Zhi-Kun)

Dr WU identified the plant as Primula mallophylla Balf. f.. It is a narrow endemic perennial species, occurring only in the Dabashan mountains in Chongqing where it grows in wet meadows and shaded, wet areas in forests above 2,100 m above sea level. The species had been first described scientifically in 1916 and since then not seen. In the Chinese Species Red List, this species had been assessed as extinct in the wild (EX). After the re-discovery, it was reassessed as Endangered (EN).

Seeds of the species were collected and sent to the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species at the Kunming Institute of Botany, where they are now safely stored for long term conservation. Individuals of this plant are also grown in Lijiang Alpine Botanical Garden and in the Botanic Garden of Kunming Institute of Botany.

Because of its attractive flowers, Primula mallophylla has great potential as a garden plant.

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2 comments on 'Chinese primrose rediscovered'

WDUWK says

27/06/2011 6:31:59 PM | Report abuse

lol at this :)

Liz says

08/05/2011 12:30:40 PM | Report abuse

This is good news. Isn't it wonderful when something that was thought to be extinct is re-discovered. The problem will now be keeping its whereabouts secret. That it's seeds are now in the seed bank is even better news.

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