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Leguminosae: Swartzia macrophylla

Callejas, R; Castano, C.J.; Roldan, F.J., 3203

Species

Swartzia macrophylla

Original Distribution

Colombia

Habitat

The species was originally recorded from an unspecified locality, probably in Antioquia, San Luis. According to the Missouri Botanical Garden database TROPICOS, this species has been collected (in flower and fruit) from Antioquia many times (14 collections) during the 1980s and 1990s, with the most recent collection being in 2001. It was also collected at Chocó in the late 1980s. The collections were mostly made at altitudes between 325 and 1,100 m.

Extinction Data

Once listed by IUCN ad Extinct - Now found in Columbia - Data Deficient

Description

The leaves are stipulate, nearly always alternate, and range from bipinnately or palmately compound to simple. The petiole base is commonly enlarged into a pulvinus that commonly functions in orientation of the leaves (sometimes very responsively, as in the sensitive plant, Mimosa pudica). The flowers are usually bisexual, actinomorphic to zygomorphic, slightly to strongly perigynous, and commonly in racemes, spikes, or heads. The perianth commonly consists of a calyx and corolla of 5 segments each. The androecium consists of commonly 1- many stamens (most commonly 10), distinct or variously united, sometimes some of them reduced to staminodes. The pistil is simple, often stipitate, comprising a single style and stigma, and a superior ovary with one locule containing 2-many marginal ovules. The fruit is usually a legume, sometimes a samara, loment, follicle, indehiscent pod, achene, drupe, or berry. The seeds often have a hard coat with hourglass-shaped cells, and sometimes bear a u-shaped line called a pleurogram

Specimen Type (Y/N)

N

Kew Herbcat Barcode Number

K000518008

Collector

Callejas, R; Castano, C.J.; Roldan, F.J.

Collector Number

3203

Date Collected

14th Dec 1986

Other Information

Believed to be extinct, the species was recorded from an unspecified locality, probably in Antioquia. Cowan, R.S. (1968). Swartzia (Leguminosa)

Information Sources

Flora Neotropica Monograph.Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. & MacKinsen, A. (1998). The world list of threatened trees. World Conservation Press. Cambridge