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Recent Literature

We are grateful to the compilers of the Kew Current Awareness Lists and to Anna Lynch, Frances Cook, and Margaret Ramsey for drawing our attention to the following publications.

Bibliography and books | Anatomy and morphology | Conservation | Cytogenetics | Ecology
Micropropagation | History | Physiology | Pollination | Systematics and distribution

Bibliography and books

Banks, D. P. 1999. Tropical orchids of Southeast Asia. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong.

Behar, M. and Tinschert, O. 1998. Guatemala y sus orquideas. Artemis-Edinter, Guatemala. CD-ROM.

Bose, T. K., Bhattacharjee, S. K., Das, P., and Basak, U. C. 1999. Orchids of India. 2nd ed. Naya Prokash, Calcutta.

Cansino, N. 1996. Orquideas de El Salvador. Asociacion Salvadorena de Orquideologia, San Salvador.

Chowdhery, H. J. 1998. Orchid flora of Arunachal Pradesh. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.

Espejo Serna, A. and Lopez Ferrari, A. R. 1998. Las monocotiledoneas Mexicanas: una sinopsis floristica. 1. Lista de referencia. Parte VIII: Orchidaceae (2). Consejo Nacional de la Flora de Mexico, Mexico City.

Ettlinger, D. M. T. 1999. Illustrations of British and Irish orchids. D. M. Turner Ettlinger, Dorking.

Fedorov, A. A. (ed.). 1999. Flora of Russia: the European part and bordering regions: volume 2. Magnoliophyta (= Angiospermae) Orchidaceae, Juncaceae, Cyperaceae, Commelinaceae. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Hagsater, E., Sanchez Saldana, L., and Garcia Cruz, J. (eds.) 1999. Icones Orchidacearum: fascicle 3. The genus Epidendrum: part 2. "A second century of new species in Epidendrum". Herbario AMO, Mexico D.F.

Jimenez Machorro, R., Sanchez Saldana, L. M., and Garcia Cruz, J. 1998. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes: fasciculo 67. Familia Orchidaceae, tribu Maxillarieae. Instituto de Ecologia, Patzcuaro, Michoacan.

Jones, D. L., Wapstra, H., Tonelli, P. and Harris, S. 1999. The Orchids of Tasmania. Melbourne University Press, Carlton South, Victoria.

Kreutz, C. A. J. 1998. Die Orchideen der Turkei: Beschreibung, Okologie, Verbreitung, Gefahrdung, Schutz. C. A. J. Kreutz, Landgraaf, Netherlands.

Linder, H. P. and Kurzweil, H. 1999. Orchids of southern Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Pridgeon, A. M., Cribb, P. J., Chase, M. W., and Rasmussen, F. N. 1999. Genera Orchidacearum: vol. 1. General introduction, Apostasioideae, Cypripedioideae. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Rao, T. A. 1998. Conservation of wild orchids of Kodagu in the Western Ghats. Centre for Technology Development and Agricultural Technologies and Services Private Ltd., Bangalore.

Silva, J. B. F. da and Silva, M. F. F. da. 1998. Orquideas nativas da Amazonia Brasileira: genera Catasetum L. C. Rich. ex Kunth. Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belem.

Steenbeeke, G. and Gee, G. Y. 1999. Orchidopaedia: volume 1. Genera. Orkology Kreations, Grafton, N.S.W. CD-ROM.

Vakhramaeva, M. G., Varlygina, T. I., Batalov, A. E., Timchenko, I. A., and Bogomolova, T. I. 1997. Rod dremlik. (Genus Epipactis). Pages 50-87 in Pavlova ,V. N. and Tikhomirova, V. N. (eds.), Biologicheskaya flora Moskovskoi oblasti: vypusk trinastsatyi. (Biological flora of the Moscow region: part 13.). Polieks, Moscow.

Willing, E. 1999. Literatur-Dienst "Europaische Orchideen" 1999/2. J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 703-721.

Willing, E. (comp.). 1999. Literatur-Dienst "Europaische Orchideen" 1999/1. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 151-172.

Yang, Z. H., Zhang, Q., Feng, Z. Z., Lang, K. Y., and Li, H. 1998. Orchids. 2nd ed. China Esperanto Press, Beijing.

Anatomy and morphology

Claessens, J. and Kleynen, J. 1998. Die Saulchenstruktur der europaischen Orchideen. Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 51: 23-42.

Davies, K. L. 1999. A preliminary survey of foliar anatomy in Maxillaria. Lindleyana 14(3): 126-135.

Davies, K. and Winters, C. 1999. Scanning electron microscopy in orchids. Orchid Rev. 107(1229): 286-288.

Kozhevnikova, A. D. and Vinogradova, T. N. 1999. Pseudobulb structure in some boreal terrestrial orchids. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 68(1-2): 59-65.

Kurzweil, H. 1999. Floral ontogeny of orchids: a review. Beitrage Biol. Pflanzen 71: 45-100.

Robatsch, K. 1999. Der Hamulus in der Gattung Epipactis. (The hamulus in the genus Epipactis.) J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 634-643.

Stancato, G. C., Mazzoni Viveiros, S. C., and Luchi, A. E. 1999. Stomatal characteristics in different habitat forms of Brazilian species of Epidendrum (Orchidaceae). Nordic J. Bot. 19(3): 271-275.

Stern, W. L. 1999. Comparative vegetative anatomy of two saprophytic orchids from tropical America: Wullschlaegelia and Uleiorchis. Lindleyana 14(3): 136-146.

Vij, S. P., Kaur, P., and Bhanwra, R. K. 1999. Embryological studies in Epipactis gigantea (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 14(3): 160-167.


Verhoeve, K. J. F. and Beckers, G. J. L. 1999. Canopy farming: an innovative strategy for the sustainable use of rain forests. Selbyana 20(1): 191-193.


Alba, E., Cerone, G., D'Emerico, S., Polignano, G. B., and Zarriello, G. 1999. Phenotypic distances and karyotypic analysis in Orchid ´ gennarii Reichenb. and its parental species. J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 663-673.

D'Emerico, S., Grunanger, P., Scrugli, A., and Pignone, D. 1999. Karyomorphological parameters and C-band distribution suggest phyletic relationships within the subtribe Limodorinae (Orchidaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 217(1-2): 147-161.

Hashimoto, K. 1999. (Chromosome numbers in the hybrids of Dendrobium nobile.) Bull. Hiroshima Bot. Gard. no. 18: 71-76.

Kokubugata, G. and Yukawa, T. 1998. Cytotaxonomical studies of the Orchidaceae from Vanuatu and its adjacent regions: 1. Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. no. 17: 69-74.

Sheviak, C. J. and Bracht, M. 1998. New chromosome number determinations in Platanthera. North Amer. Native Orchid J. 4(2): 168-172.


Perazza, G., Lorenz, R., Bartolo, G., and Pulvirenti, S. 1999. Die horizontale und vertikale Verbreitung von Epipogium aphyllum Sw. in Italien. (The horizontal and vertical distribution of Epipogium aphyllum Sw. in Italy.) J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 571-623.


Saiskumar, B., Krishnamoorth, B., and Saji, K. V. 1999. Spice diversity and conservation of plants that yield major spices in India. Pl. Genet. Resource. Newsl. 118: 19-26. [Vanilla planifolia, Vanilla sp.]

Tsuchiya, H., Hayashi, H., Sato, M. et al. 1999. Quantitative analysis of all types of B-carboline alkaloids in medicinal plants and dried edible plants by high performance liquid chromatography with selective fluorometric detection. Phytochem. Anal. 10(5): 247-253. [Pinelia ternata]


Jenny, R. 1998. History of pleurothallids: 19. The Swiss connection. Pleurothallid Alliance News 10(4): 27, 32-34.

Sprunger, S. 1999. Die Herausgabe der Iconographie des Orchidees du Bresel von Barbosa Rodrigues: eine nicht alltagliche Geschichte. Bauhinia 13: 69-80.


Chia, T. F., Arditti, J., Segeren, M., and Hew, C. S. 1999. Review: in vitro flowering or orchids. Lindleyana 14(2): 60-76.

Pritchard, H. W., Poynter, A. L. C., and Seaton, P. T. 1999. Interspecific variation in orchid seed longevity in relation to ultra-dry storage and cryopreservation. Lindleyana 14(2): 92-101.

Zettler, L. W., Burkhead, J. C., and Marshall, J. A. 1999. Use of a mycorrhizal fungus from Epidendrum conopseum to germinate seed of Encyclia tampensis in vitro. Lindleyana 14(2): 102-105.

Zimmerman, T. W. and Kowalski, J. A. 1999. In vitro propagation of Psychilis macconelliae, an endangered Virgin Islands orchid species. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. 35: P1059 (Abstract).


Fan, L., Guo, S. X, and Xiao, P. G. 1999. Study on structure and localization of acid phosphatase of mycorrhizal root of Cymbidium sinense (Orchidaceae). Acta Bot. Yunnan 21: 197-201.

Khoo, G. H. and Hew, C. S. 1999. Developmental changes in chloroplast ultrastructure and carbon-fixation metabolism of Dendrobium flowers (Orchidaceae). Intn. J. Pl. Sci. 160: 699-705.

Tanase, K., Ohno, H., and Matsui, S. 1999. Inhibition of pollination-induced senescence in Cymbidium flowers by O-phenanthroline. Lindleyana 14(3): 147-151.


Borba, E. L., Shepherd, G. J., and Semir, J. 1999. Reproductive systems and crossing potential in three species of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) occurring in Brazilian 'campo rupestre' vegetation. Pl. Syst. Evol. 217(3-4): 205-214.

Luo, Y. B. and Chen, S. C. 1999. Observations of putative pollinators of Hemipilia flabellata Bur. et Franch. (Orchidaceae) in north-west Yunnan Province, China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131(1): 45-64.

Paulus, H. F. 1999. Bestaubungsbiologische Untersuchungen an Ophrys bombyliflora, Orchis canariensis und Habenaria tridactylides (Orchidaceae) in Gran Canaria (Spanien). (Investigation of pollination biology of Ophrys bombyliflora, Orchis canariensis and Habenaria tridactylides (Orchidaceae) in Gran Canaria (Spain).) Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 4-22.

Singer, R. B. and Cocucci, A. A. 1999. Pollination mechanism in southern Brazilian orchids which are exclusively or mainly pollinated by halictid bees. Pl. Syst. Evol. 217 (1-2), 101-117.

Systematics and distribution

Aceto, S., Caputo, P., Cozzolino, S., Gaudio, L., and Moretti, A. 1999. Phylogeny and evolution of Orchis and allied genera based on ITS DNA variation: morphological gaps and molecular continuity. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 13(1): 67-76.

Ackerman, J. D. and Ward, S. 1999. Genetic variation in a widespread, epiphytic orchid: where is the evolutionary potential? Syst. Bot. 24(2): 282-291.

Allard, M. 1999. La variete platyglossa Galle d' Aceras hircina (= Himantoglossum hircinum). Orchidophile 30(138): 187-190.

Atwood, J. T. 1999. Seven new species of Maxillaria from Panama and Costa Rica. Selbyana 19(2): 254-264.

Atwood, J. T. and Beckner, J. 1999. Ceratostylis incognita J.T. Atwood and J. Beckner, a new species from the Philippines. Selbyana 19(2): 265-266.

Atwood, J. T. and Dressler, R. L. 1999. Clarifications and new combinations in the Phragmipedium caudatum complex from Central America. Selbyana 19(2): 245-248.

Atwood, J. T. and Mora de Retana, D. E. 1999. Flora Costaricensis: family 39. Orchidaceae: tribe Maxillarieae: subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae. Fieldiana, Bot. 40: vi, 182p.

Averyanov, L. V. 1998. Rod Spiranthes (Orchidaceae) na territorii Rossii. (The genus Spiranthes (Orchidaceae) in Russia.) Bot. Zhurn. 83: 104-111.

Averyanov, L. V. 1999. Gallery. Orchids of Vietnam. Orchid Dig. 63: 80-81.

Averyanov, L. V. 1999. Nomenclatural changes and new orchids (Orchidaceae) in the flora of Vietnam. Bot. Zhurn. 84: 126-130.

Averyanov, L. V. 1999. Taxonomy of the Russian slipper orchids. Part 1. Wild Orchid J. No. 3: 63-71 (in Japanese).

Averyanov L. V. 1999. Taxonomy of the Russian slipper orchids. Part 2. Wild Orchid J. No. 4: 64-70 (in Japanese).

Averyanov, L. V. 1999. Taxonomy of the Russian slipper orchids. Part 3. Wild Orchid J. No. 5: 63-69 (in Japanese).

Averyanov, L. V. 1999. Taxonomy of the Russian slipper orchids. Part 4. Wild Orchid J. No. 6: 64-68 (in Japanese).

Averyanov, L. V. 1999. Taxonomy of the Russian slipper orchids. Part 5. Wild Orchid J. No. 7: 63-70 (in Japanese).

Ayoso, J. B. and Hermosilla, C. E. 1998. Dos nuevas especies Ibericas, Epipactis cardina y Epipactis hispanica, mas alguno de sus hibridos: Epipactis conquensis (E. cardina E. parviflora), y Epipactis Populetorum (E. helleborine E. hispanica). Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Alava 13: 103-115.

Baker, C. and Baker, M. 1999. Psychopsiella liminghei[sic]: not forgotten or lost, just a little misplaced in the shuffle. Orchids 68(7): 700-703.

Banks, D. P. 1999. What is Bulbophyllum echinolabium? Austral. Orchid Rev. 64(5): 20.

Bartolo, G. and Pulvirenti, S. 1999. Limodorum rubriflorum (Orchidaceae): a new species from the Eastern Mediterranean area. Caesiana no. 12: 1-10.

Barua, I. and Barua, K. 1997. A new species of Zeuxine (Orchidaceae) from Assam, India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21(2): 491-494.

Batchelor, S. 1999. Brassavola tuberculata. Austral. Orchid Rev. 64(3): 21.

Bates, B. 1999. Native orchids return to South Australia's first grassland CP. J. Native Orchid Soc. S. Australia 23(9): 86.

Bates, K. and Bates, B. 1999. Autumn trip to Yorke Peninsula: trip report. J. Native Orchid Soc. S. Australia 23(4): 36-37.

Batousek, P. and Kreutz, C. A. J. 1999. Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) Soo subsp. carpatica: eine neue Dactylorhiza Unterart aus den Weissen Karpaten (Bile Karpaty) in der Tschechischen Republik. (Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) Soo subsp. carpatica: a new subspecies of Dactylorhiza from the White Carpathians (Bile Karpaty) in the Czech Republic.) J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 678-702.

Baumann, H. and Kunkele, S. 1999. Epipactis viridiflora Hoffm. ex Krock. 1814 besitzt die Prioritat gegenuber Epipactis purpurata Sm. 1828. (The name Epipactis viridiflora Hoffm. ex Krock. 1814 antedates the name Epipactis purpurata Sm. 1828.) J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 624-633.

Baumgartner, H., Daibenzeiher, A., and Mark, C. 1999. Erstfund von Ophrys vernixia Brot. auf der Insel Keffalinia. (First record of Ophrys vernixia Brot. on Keffalinia Island.) J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 674-677.

Beale, B. 1999. Reclassified species. J. Orchid Soc. Gr. Brit. 48(3): 43.

Bell, S. 1999. Les Paphiopedilum dans la collection d'orchidees de Kew. Orchidees Cult. Protect. no. 39: 14-16.

Bennett, D. E., Christenson, E. A., and Collantes, M. B. 1999. An emerald Catasetum: a striking new color phase of Catasetum tenebrosum. Orchids 68(5): 476-479.

Bernacki, L. 1998. Die Verbreitung der Arten, Unterarten und Bastarde der Orchideengattung Dactylorhiza in Polen. Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 51: 191-212.

Bernard, C. 1999. Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) Greuter, nouveau pour l'Aveyron. Orchidophile 30(138): 185-186.

Bidgood, S. and Cribb, P. 1999. Vanilla (Orchidaceae) newly reported from Ethiopia. Kew Bull. 54(2): 378.

Biel, B. 1999. Anmerkungen zur Taxonomie im Ophrys scolopax- und Ophrys umbilicata- Komplex am Beispiel der Insel Lesvos. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 52-65.

Bodell, I. 1999. A tale of two orchids. Orchadian 13(1): 43-45.

Bomanson, H. and Nurmi, J. 1999. Punavalkku Suomusjarvella (V). Lutukka 15(3): 91-93.

Braem, G. 1999. Notes sur l'albinisme chez Paphiopedilum. Orchidees Cult. Protect. no. 39: 5-9.

Bridle, T. 1999. Field trip report: Eriochilus and Leporella 25/4/99. J. Native Orchid Soc. S. Australia 23(5): 45.

Bridle, T. 1999. Field trip report: south east weekend. J. Native Orchid Soc. S. Australia 23(10): 96-99.

Bridle, T. 1999. Field trip report: Warren and Hale Cons Parks. J. Native Orchid Soc. S. Australia 23(6): 54.

Brown, P. M. 1998. Color, form and variation. North Amer. Native Orchid J. 4(4): 343-362.

Brown, P. M. 1999. Recent taxonomic and nomenclatural notes from Florida: 3. North Amer. Native Orchid J. 5(3): 277-289.

Carey, P. D. 1999. Changes in the distribution and abundance of Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Sprengel (Orchidaceae) over the last 100 years. Watsonia 22(4): 353-364.

Carr, G. and Christenson, E. A. 1999. A Colombian jewel. Orchids 68(6): 598-601.

Catling, P. M., Brownell, V. R., and Allen, G. 1999. A new natural hybrid fringed-orchid from Ontario. Lindleyana 14(2): 77-86.

Cattan, G. D. W. 1999. Habenaria (Orchidaceae) na Reserva Florestal "Vista Chinesa", Rio de Janeiro. (Orchidaceae of the Vista Chinesa Forest Reserve). Rio de Albertoa, n.s. no. 1: 1-3.

Cavestro, W. 1999. Discussion sur Paphiopedilum parnatanum W. Cavestro. Orchidees Cult. Protect. no. 39: 21-25.

Cavestro, W. 1999. Le genre Cattleya Lindley. C. forbesii Lindley: presentation et culture. Orchidophile 30(137): 107-110.

Cebolla, C. and Lopez Rodriguez, J. A. 1999. Datos floristicos de monocotiledoneas en el sistema central (Peninsula, Iberica). An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(1): 186-187.

Chen, S. C., Tsi, Z. H., and Zhu, G. H. 1999. Notes on some subtribes of the Orchidaceae. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 37(2): 113-116.

Chiron, G. 1999. Maxillaria guiardiana, une nouvelle espece d'orchidees du Perou. Orchidees Cult. Protect. no. 39: 27-30.

Christenson, E. A. 1999. (1422) Proposal to conserve the name Dendrobium teres (Orchidaceae) against Limodorum subulatum. Taxon 48(3): 587-588.

Christenson, E. A. 1999. (1423) Proposal to conserve the name Anneliesia against Gynizodon (Orchidaceae). Taxon 48(3): 589.

Christenson, E. A. 1999. (1424) Proposal to conserve the name Phalaenopsis sumatrana (Orchidaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 48(3): 591-592.

Christenson, E. A. 1999. Sarcanthine genera: 24. Ceratochilus. Orchids 68(7): 694-696.

Chung, M. Y. and Chung, M. G. 1999. Allozyme diversity and population structure in Korean populations of Cymbidium goeringii (Orchidaceae). J. Pl. Res. 112(1106): 139-144.

Chung, M. Y. and Chung, M. G. 1999. Notes on spatial genetic structure in populations of Cymbidium goeringii (Orchidaceae). Ann. Bot. Fenn. 36(3): 161-164.

Cingel, N. van der. 1999. Droomreis naar Australie: 4. Orchideeen no. 3: 57-58.

Clements, M. A. and Jones, D. L. 1999. Checklist of New Caledonian Orchidaceae. Orchadian 13(1): 30-37.

Cole, G. 1999. A journey down under and the quest for Cymbidium suave: part 2. Austral. Orchid Rev. 64(5): 51-54.

Cortizo, C. and Sahuquillo, E. 1999. Aportaciones a la familia Orchidaceae en Galicia. An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(1): 180-184.

Cowden, N. 1998. Allozyme variability in the Platanthera ciliaris complex. North Amer. Native Orchid J. 4(3): 241-259.

Cribb, P. C. and Sing-chi, C. 1999. A new species of Cypripedium from south-east Yunnan. Quart. Bull. Alp. Gard. Soc. 67(2): 155-158.

Cribb, P., Luo, Y. B., and Siu, G. 1999. Paphiopedilum dianthum in south-west China. Orchid Rev. 107(1229): 289-291.

Curtis, S. A. 1998. Amerorchis rotundifolia forma lineata. North Amer. Native Orchid J. 4(2): 119-123.

Dalstrom, S. 1999. A new Bolivian species of Odontoglossum (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) in the Astranthum complex. Lindleyana 14(2): 87-91.

Dalstrom, S. 1999. The genus Soldenidiopsis Senghas (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae), a discussion and revision. Selbyana 20(1): 1-9.

Dalstrom, S. 1999. Two new Odontoglossum species (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) from Ecuador and Peru. Lindleyana 14(3): 168-172.

del Prete, C. and Miceli, P. 1999. Histoanatomical and taxonomical observations on some Central Mediterranean entities of Orchis sect. Labellotrilobatae P. Vermeul. subsections Masculae Nevski and Provinciales Nevski (Orchidaceae). Caesiana no. 12: 21-44.

Donaghy, G. and Jane, G. 1999. Pterostylis alveata (= P. aff. obtusa): an update. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 72: 19-21.

Douzery, E. J. P., Pridgeon, A. M., Kores, P., Linder, H. P., Kurzweil, H., and Chase, M. W. 1999. Molecular phylogenetics of Diseae (Orchidaceae): a contribution from nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 86(6): 887-899.

Eccarius, W. and Rode, P. 1999. Bemerkungen zu "Orchideen in Thuringen". Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 148-149.

Ellis, H. A. 1999. A new location for Ophrys apifera Hudson, bee orchid in Northumberland (vc 67). Vasculum 84(3): 20-21.

Fedotov, Y. P. and Evstigneev, O. I. 1998. Orkhidnye (Orchidaceae) Nerusso-Desnyanskovo Poles'ya (Bryanskaya oblast'). (Orchids (Orchidaceae) in Nerusso-Desnyanskoe Polessye (Bryansk region).) Bot. Zhurn. 83(7): 143-146.

Freeman, R. 1998. Cypripedium hybrids in Mahnomen county, Minnesota. North Amer. Native Orchid J. 4(4): 333-335.

Garay, L. A. 1999. Orchid species currently in cultivation. Harvard Pap. Bot. 4(1): 301-319.

Gee, G. Y. 1999. Laelia anceps: sorting out the confusion. Austral. Orchid Rev. 64(3): 11-20.

Gerlach, G. 1999. Sievekingia and Soterosanthus related but different. Orquideologia 21(2): 214-227.

Golamco, A. S. 1999. Paphiopedilum anitum Golamco, sp. nov. l'orchidee noire de la foret enchantee de Mindanao. Orchidophile 30(138): 167-174.

Gravendeel, B. and de Vogel, E. F. 1999. Revision of Coelogyne section Speciosae (Orchidaceae). Blumea 44(2): 253-320.

Hahn, W. 1999. Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall. an der "Turkischen Riviera" -Notizen zu einem bemerkenswerten Massenvorkommen. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 27-34.

Hashimoto, T. 1998. A list of Vanuatu orchids, collected in 1996. Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. no. 17: 55-57.

Hashimoto, T., Hatta, H., Yukawa, T., Sugimura, K., Chanel, S., and Iwashina, T. 1998. A list of herbarium specimens from Vanuatu, collected in 1996 and 1997, excluding the Orchidaceae. Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. no. 17: 1-22.

Hatch, E. D. 1999. The New Zealand genera: 8. Acianthus, Townsonia, Genoplesium. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 71: 15-16.

Hatch, E. D. 1999. The New Zealand genera: 9. Gastrodia. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 72: 16-17.

Hedren, M. 1999. Kommentarer om brudkullan och dess ursprung. (Comments on Gymnigritella runei (Orchidaceae) and its origin.) Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 93(3): 145-151.

Heinrich, W. and Voelckel, H. 1999. Die Bocks-Reimenzunge (Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng.) -Orchidee des Jahres 1999. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 83-123.

Hermosilla, C. E. 1998. Ophrys ´ Zamba, (Ophrys passionis ´ Ophrys sphegodes) nothosp. nov., un nuevo hibrido del norte de Espana y algunos comentarios sobre sus progenitores. Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Alava 13: 117-122.

Hermosilla, C. E. and Sabondo, J. 1998. Notas sobre orquideas: 5. Estud. Mus. Cienc. Nat. Alava 13: 123-156.

Herndon, C. N. 1999. Grammangis: Madagascan orchids of distinction. Orchids 68(9): 926-931.

Heshka, L. 1998. Manitoba native orchids. North Amer. Native Orchid J. 4(3): 219-240.

Hogstrom, S. 1999. Nagot om karrnycklarna Orchis palustris pa Gotland 1991-1998. (Notes on Orchis palustris on Gotland 1991-1998.) Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 93(3): 157-161.

Irwin, B. 1999. An update on Thelymitra "Whakapapa" New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 71: 9-10.

Jacquet, P. 1999. La decouverte des premieres orchidees de Chine par les occidentaux. Orchidophile 30(138): 191-194.

Jacquet, P. 1999. Les premieres decourvertes d'orchidees, par les Francais, dans l'ocean Pacifique, au 18e siecle. Orchidophile 30(137): 133-137.

Jane, G. and Donaghy, G. 1999. Observations on orchid distribution and flowering times in Nelson and Marlborough. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 71: 17-18.

Jane, G. and Donaghy, G. 1999. Pterostylis montana and P. "non-montana". New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 71: 18-21.

Jenny, R. 1999. Lueckelia, a new genus in the Stanhopeinae. Austral. Orchid. Rev. 64(4): 14-16.

Jenny, R. 1999. Notes on the publication of the new genus, Lueckelia. Austral. Orchid Rev. 64(5): 19.

Jenny, R. 1999. The Gongorinae, 7. Stanhopea, part 19th. Stanhopea anfracta and Stanhopea pozoi. Caesiana no. 12: 11-20.

Johnson, S. R. 1998. The pink lady's slipper in the fragmented forest of central Virginia. North Amer. Native Orchid J. 4(2): 124-132.

Jones, D. L. 1999. Diuris arenaria (Orchidaceae), a vulnerable new species from New South Wales. Orchadian 12(12): 567-569, 573.

Jones, D. L. 1999. Eight new species of Caladenia R.Br. (Orchidaceae) from eastern Australia. Orchadian 13(1): 4-24.

Jones, D. L. 1999. Genoplesium ectopum (Orchidaceae), an endangered new species from the Australian Capital Territory. Orchadian 12(12): 570-573.

Jones, D. L. 1999. Pterostylis atrans. J. Native Orchid Soc. S. Australia 23(4): 38.

Kohlmuller, R. 1999. Eine neue intergenerische Hybride fur die Turkei: ´ Dactyloglossum ponticum R. Kohlmuller. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 72-75.

Koniger, W. 1999. New species of the genera Dracula, Masdevallia, Oncidium, Sigmatostalix and Trigonochilum. Arcula no. 8: 218-249.

Koopowitz, H. 1999. Paphiopedilum ooii, un Sabot de Venus remarquable de Malaisie. Orchidees Cult. Protect. no. 39: 26.

Kordel, H. and Kordel, K. 1999. Ein Edelstein unter den Orchideen: Calypso bulbosa in Schweden. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 23-26.

Kull, T. 1999. Cypripedium calceolus L. J. Ecol. 87(5): 913-924.

Kurzweil, H. and Linder, H. P. 1999. A phylogenetic analysis of the genus Satyrium (Orchidaceae). Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 71(1): 101-181.

la Croix, I. 1999. Orchids without leaves. Orchid Rev. 107(1230): 343-350.

Lavarack, P. S. 1999. Habenaria praecox Lavarack et Dockrill: a new orchid species from north Queensland. Orchadian 12(12): 548-551.

Leader, L. 1999. Clare excursion report. J. Native Orchid Soc. S. Australia 23(9): 87-88.

Lewis, B. and Cribb, P. 1999. Other islands' orchids: Vanuatu. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 72: 30.

Linder, H. P. and Linder-Smith, C. 1999. Disa nubigena. Flow. Pl. Afr. 56: 42-45.

Lorenz, R. and Lorenz, K. 1998. Zum Stand der Kartierung der Orchideen Sudtirols. Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 51: 124-190.

Luer, C. A. 1999. A new species of Lepanthes (Orchidaceae) from French Guyana. Adansonia 21(1): 63-65.

Luer, C. A. 1999. New species of Pleurothallis from Colombia. Orquideologia 21(2): 115-134.

Luer, C. A. 1999. New species of Pleurothallis from Cuba and Hispaniola. Lindleyana 14(2): 106-121.

Luer, C. A. and Escobar, R. R. 1999. New species of Lepanthes from Colombia: series 13. Orquideologia 21(2): 135-158.

Mannens, P. 1999. Phalaenopsis gigantea. Orchideeen no. 3: 47.

Martino, J., Nava, H. S., and Fernandez Casado, M. A. 1999. Gymnadenia odoratissima subsp. odoratissima (Orchidaceae) en la Cordillera Cantabrica. An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(1): 184.

Mereda, P. 1999. Kl'uc na urcovanie druhov rodu Epipactis Zinn publikovanych z uzemia Slovenska. (Identification key to the species of the genus Epipactis Zinn published from Slovakia.) Bull. Slov. Bot. Spolocn. 21: 131-142.

Miranda, F. E. 1999. Cattleya ´ joaquiniana Miranda hyb. nat. nov. Bradea 8(22): 128-130.

Miranda, F. E. 1999. Estudos em Laelia (Orchidaceae): 3. Bradea 8(22): 123-127.

Nageswara Rao, A. 1998. Notes on the genus Taeniophyllum (Orchidaceae) in Arunachal Pradesh with two new records to India. Rheedia 8(2): 163-166.

Nazzaro, R., Aceto, S., Menale, B., and Cozzolino, S. 1999. Intermediate features do not always imply hybrid nature: an example from Orchidaceae. J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 652-662.

Nishimoto, A. T. 1999. Rhyncholaelia digbyana: this perennial favourite is always in demand. Orchids 68(5): 492-495.

Oakeley, H. F. 1999. A revision of the genus Anguloa Ruiz et Pav. Orquideologia 21(2): 159-213.

Oakeley, H. F. 1999. Een herziening van het geslacht Anguloa Ruiz et Pav. Orchideeen no. 4: 63-76.

Okuyama, H. 1998. Cypripedium on the western plateau of Sichuan Province in China. Wild Orchid J. 1: 62-74.

Okuyama, H. 1999. Rare species of Cypripedium in China. Wild Orchid J. 11: 51-55.

Panchenko, S. M. 1999. Ridkisni vydy Staroguts'kogo lisovozo massiva (Suts'ka oblast'). (The rare species of the Stara Huta forests (Sumy region).) Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 56(1): 22-23.

Pearce, N. and Cribb, P. 1999. Notes relating to the flora of Bhutan: 37. New species and records of Orchidaceae from Bhutan and India (Sikkim). Edinburgh J. Bot. 56(2): 273-284.

Pedersen, H. E. 1999. Floristiske meddelelser fra Dansk Herbarium: 1. URT 23(2): 64-71.

Perrin, J. F. and Soca, R. 1999. Decouverte d'un nouvel hybride d' Ophrys en Provence. Orchidophile 30(138): 175-177.

Phukan, S. and Mao, A. 1999. A miniature orchid of north-east India. Orchid Rev. 107(1230): 368-369.

Piera, J. and Crespo, M. B. 1999. Cuatro plantas raras de la flora Valenciana, muy seriamente amenazadas. Flora Montiberica 13: 50-52.

Pohjakallio, K. 1999. Kannen kasvi: vihrea pussikammekka. Orkidea Lehti no. 3: 74-76.

Pohjakallio, K. 1999. Kotimaisista orkideoista: kammekoista. (Orchids of Finland.) Orkidea Lehti no. 3: 90-93.

Portenier, N. N. 1998. Floristicheskie nakhodki na zapadnom Kavkaze. (Floristic findings in the Western Caucasus.) Bot. Zhurn. 83(5): 113-114.

Puspitaningtyas, D. M. and Fatimah, E. 1999. Inventarisasi jenis-jenis anggrek di Cagar Alam Kersik Luway, Kalimantan Timur. (Inventory of orchid species at Kersik Luway Nature Reserve, East Kalimantan.) Bul. Kebun Raya Indonesia 9(1): 18-25.

Quinlan, J. 1999. The orchids of Bob's Peak. Orchids Austral. 11(3): 6-7.

Ramsauer, B. and Ramsauer, J. 1999. Beitrag zur Orchideenflora des Karwendelgebirges: Reise in die Eng uber Lenggries und Sylvensteinsee. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 76-82.

Rao, A. N. 1998. Eria arunachalensis Negeswara Rao: a new orchid from India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21(3): 711-713.

Rao, A. N. and Haridasan, K. 1998. Four new records of orchids to Arunachal Pradesh (India). J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21(3): 717-719.

Riechelmann, A. 1999. Ophrys calypsus Hirth et Spaeth und Ophrys phaseliana D. et U. Ruckbrodt: zwei neue Orchideenarten auf Kreta. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 66-71.

Robatsch, K. 1998. Die Gattung Epipactis und ihre systematische Stellung innerhalb der Unterfamilie Neottioideae, im Lichte entwicklungsgeschichtlicher Untersuchungen. Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 51: 43-100.

Roberdeau, J. C. 1999. Nouvelles observations orchidologiques dans le Loir-et-Cher. Orchidophile 30(137): 140.

Rolando, I. M. 1999. Old and new Peruvian Mormodes. Orchid Dig. 63(3): 139-142.

Romero Gonzalez, G. A. and Carnevali Fernandez Concha, G. 1999. Notes on the species of Cyrtopodium (Cyrtopodinae, Orchidaceae) from Florida, the Greater Antilles, Mexico, Central and Northern South America. Harvard Pap. Bot. 4(1): 327-341.

Ruckbrodt, D. and Ruckbrodt, U. 1998. Bemerkungen zur Verbreitung der Orchideen im sudlichen Kaukasus. Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 51: 13-22.

Ruckbrodt, D. and Ruckbrodt, U. 1999. Uber Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. islandica. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 44-51.

St. George, I. 1999. British orchid genera: 9. The twayblades. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 72: 2.

St. George, I. 1999. Orchids common to Australia and New Zealand. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 72: 5-7.

St. George, I. 1999. Our yellow thelymitras. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 72: 13-14.

St. George, I. 1999. Thelymitra pulchella and its relations. New Zealand Native Orchid Group J. no. 72: 8-13.

Salkowski, H. E. 1999. Bemerkungen zu Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 35-43.

Salkowski, H. E. 1999. Beobachtung an Platanthera chlorantha in der Verbandsgemeinde Vallendar am Rhein. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 145-147.

Sasidharan, N., Rajesh, K. P., and Augustine, J. 1998. Habenaria periyarensis, a new orchid from India. Rheedia 8(2): 167-171.

Sathish Kumar, C. and Suresh Kumar, P. C. 1998. The reappearance of Vanda thwaitesii J.D. Hook. (Orchidaceae). Rheedia 8(2): 249-253.

Sauvetre, P. 1999. Trichocentrum capistratum Lind. Rchbf: une espece rare dans un genre peu connu. Orchidophile 30(137): 127-130.

Shakya, L. R. and Chaudhary, R. P. 1999. Taxonomy of Oberonia rufilabris (Orchidaceae) and allied new species from the Himalaya. Harvard Pap. Bot. 4(1): 357-363.

Sharma, I. K. and Jones, D. L. 1999. Characterisation of natural hybrids between Pterostylis alveata Garnet and Pterostylis ophioglossa R.Br (Orchidaceae) by starch gel electrophoresis. Biochem.Syst. Ecol. 27/5: 499-505.

Silva, M. F. F. da and Silva, J. B. F. da. 1998. Novas ocorrencias de Orchidaceae para o Brasil. Bol. Mus. Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Bot. 13(1): 69-79.

Skittrell, S. 1999. Masdavallia andreettana. Pleurothallid News Views 11(1): 10.

Smedley, D. and O'Byrne, P. 1999. Notes on Bulbophyllum serra Schltr. Orchadian 12(12): 555-557.

Smee, G. 1999. Natural hybrids within the genus Dockrillia in Australia. Orchadian 12(12): 532-546.

Szentpeteri, L. J. and Monus, F. 1999. Epipactis degenii Szentpeteri and Monus spec. nov., a new Epipactis species from Greece. J. Eur. Orchideen 31(3): 644-651.

Szlachetko, D. L. and Margonska, H. B. 1998. Notes on the genus Crepidium (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae), with descriptions of new species from northern Sumatra. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 43(2): 183-188.

Tae, K. H., In, D. S., Bae, H. Y., and Ko, S. C. 1999. (Relationship of the Korean Goodyera (Orchidaceae) using random amplified polymorphic DNAs analysis.) Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 29(2): 169-181.

Tamayo, R. G. 1999. Une nouvelle espece de Malaxis (Orchidaceae) du Mexique occidental. Orchidophile 30(138): 180-184.

Torelli, G. 1999. Cypripedium chenii, a new species of Cypripedium from China. Caesiana no. 12: 45-50.

Torelli, G. and Riccaboni, M. 1999. Pleione voltolinii: a new species of Pleione from China. Caesiana no. 12: 51-56.

Tyteca, D. 1999. Coup d'oeil sur quelques orchidees chiliennes. Orchidophile 30(137): 101-106.

Venter, F. 1999. Notes on the identification of the genus Mystacidium Lindl. in South Africa. Austral. Orchid Rev. 64(5): 22-27.

Vernon, F. 1999. Australian dendrobiums: species and hybrids. Orchadian 12(12): 552-554.

Warford, N. M. 1999. Pictorial notes: Galeandra batemanii and Galeandra greenwoodiana. Orchid Dig. 63(3): 129, 131.

Yukawa, T. 1998. An enumeration of herbarium and spirit specimens of the Orchidaceae, collected in the 1997 Vanuatu expedition. Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. no. 17: 59-62.

Yukawa, T. and Hashimoto, T. 1998. Studies on the orchid flora of Vanuatu: 1. Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. no. 17: 63-67.

Yukawa, T. and Ohba, H. 1999. Misinterpretation of Dendrobium acinaciforme (Orchidaceae) and resultant resurrection of Dendrobium spatella. Lindleyana 14(3): 152-159.

Zhu, G. and Chen, S. 1999. Cypripedium taibaiense (Orchidaceae), a new species from Shaanxi, China. Novon 9(3): 454-456.

Ziesche, H. 1999. Orchideen im Landkreis Quedlinburg. Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 16(1): 124-144.

Title Page
Recent Nomenclature
Book reviews

25 January 2000.
Copyright The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.