VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).
VII. 2. Tribe Mentheae Dumort. (1827).
VII. 2. B. Subtribe Menthinae (Dumort.) Endl. (1838).
DescriptionSubshrub, apparently gynodioecious, aromatic, with whitish hairs; stems densely white-pilose; leaves small, densely gland-dotted, subentire, ± orbicular to elliptic, often with densely white-hairy, rounded buds in axils; inflorescence of few-flowered verticillasters congested to form short, spiciform thyrses, usually shortly pedunculate, reduced toward stem apex; bracts leaf-like; bracteoles inconspicuous; flowers very small, subsessile; calyx ovoid-cylindrical, actinomorphic, equally 5-lobed, lobes short, broadly triangular, hairy within, tube 5-nerved, intercostal nerves ± obsolete, 5-angled, glands on calyx and bracteoles turning reddish orange; corolla weakly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), white, lips spreading, lobes subequal, corolla-tube scarcely exserted from calyx, exannulate but hairy within; stamens in hermaphrodite flowers slightly exserted from corolla-tube, thecae slightly divergent, distinct; disc ± equal, with anterior side slightly swollen; stigma-lobes short, flattened, subequal; nutlets ovoid, smooth, often only 1 developing. One species, Z. multiflora Boiss. Open, rocky areas, often near seasonal streams, S Iran, E Afghanistan, Pakistan.
Native to:34 Western Asia35 Arabian Peninsula40 Indian Subcontinent
PublicationZataria Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. ser. 1, 5: 18 (1884).
© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew