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Photos: de Kok, R.

Photos: de Kok, R.

Photo: de Kok, R.

Subfamily

II. Subfam. Viticoideae Briq. in Engler & Prantl (1895).

Description

Trees; leaves simple or palmately compound, petioles and petiolules with conspicuously swollen articulation; inflorescence terminal and/or axillary, a lax panicle of distant, abbreviated cymes; calyx campanulate, 5-lobed; corolla 5-lobed, 2-lipped; stamens 4 (rarely 5), didynamous, inserted towards base of tube, slightly exserted; ovary 4-locular, locules 1-ovulate; fruit a non-dehiscent capsular fruit with a single seed (by abortion of the other 3 ovules).  About 14 species, SE Asia and Malaysia.

Distribution

Native to:

41 Indo-China
42 Malesia
43 Papuasia

Synonyms

Xerocarpa H.J.Lam, Verben. Malay. Archip.: 98 (1919).

Publication

Teijsmanniodendron Koorders in Ann. Jard. Buitenz. 19: 19 (1904); Kostermans, Reinwardtia I part 2: 75-106 (1951), rev.

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Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew