I. Subfam. Symphorematoideae Briq. in Engler & Prantl (1895).


Climbing shrubs; leaves entire or toothed, often sinuate-dentate; inflorescence terminal or axillary, often with short, thyrsoid branches from axils of caducous leaves, cymes capitate, 7-fld, pedunculate; bracts reduced, leaf-like, usually caduceus; bracteoles of involucre 6, accrescent and conspicuous in fruit, often white- or pink-tinged, becoming wing-like and sometimes scarious, rarely toothed; flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate, sometimes fragrant; calyx narrowly infundibular to cylindrical, accrescent in fruit, actinomorphic, 3-8-lobed, lobes equal to subequal, triangular, erect, tube indistinctly nerved, glabrous within, longer than lobes; corolla white, pinkish or lilac, actinomorphic, 6-16-lobed, slightly exserted from calyx, lobes equal, ligulate, erect or curled, delicate, glabrous, corolla-tube cylindrical, subequalling lobes, glabrous within; stamens 6-18, equal, usually as many as corolla-lobes and alternating with them, slightly shorter than corolla, (rarely with additional 8 free stamens from base of ovary in S. polyandra), thecae oblong, parallel, separate; style terminal, elongate, included in corolla, stigma-lobes 2, elongate, truncate or subulate at apex; ovary sometimes emarginate at apex.  2n = 24, 28, 36.  Three species from India and Ceylon to Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and the Philippines, monsoon forests.


Native to:

36 China
40 Indian Subcontinent
41 Indo-China
42 Malesia


Analectis Juss. in J.Saint-Hilaire, Expos. 2: 362 (1805).

Sczegleewia Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36(2): 212 (1863).


Symphorema Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 2: 46, t.186 (1805); Munir, A.A. Gardens Bull. Singapore 22: 153-171 (1967), rev.


Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew