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Subfamily

VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).

Description

Vines or rarely erect, perennial herbs, with simple hairs; leaves sometimes palmately lobed in young plants; inflorescence thyrsoid or racemoid, not terminal; calyx 5-lobed, becoming wider, often broadly campanulate in fruit, lobes equal or unequal (3/2), sometimes irregularly so; corolla 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), red to pink, purple, white or green, posterior lip moderately long, usually longer than lower lip, shallowly hooded or almost flat, entire to 2-lobed, corolla-tube often long and falcate, often strongly dilated distally; stamens equal or posterior pair slightly longer, exserted or not, thecae weakly distinct; stigma-lobes subequal or slightly unequal; nutlets obovoid, often very large, fleshy, margins slightly winged, obliquely attached at base, rounded at apex, glabrous.  2n = 32, (34), 64.  About 20 spp., in forests and subalpine shrubland, Hawaii.  Some species apparently pollinated by honey-creepers.

Distribution

Native to:

63 North-Central Pacific

Synonyms

Phaeopsis Nutt. ex Benth. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 555 (1848).

Publication

Stenogyne Benth., Edward's Bot. Reg. ad. t. 1292 (1830); Weller and Sakai in Wagner et al. (eds), Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii 1: 831-843 (1990).

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© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew