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Subfamily

N.B. the name of the author should have an accent, however this has been removed as it corrupts the program used to create the factsheets. 

VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 3. Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (1829).

VII. 3. B. Subtribe Hanceolinae (C.Y. Wu) A.J. Paton, Ryding & Harley, in Harley, Paton & Ryding, Kew Bull. 58: 485-489 (2003).

Description

Perennial herbs; leaves simple; inflorescence thyrsoid with cymes sessile, bracteate, bracteolate or ebracteolate, usually 1-, rarely 3-flowered; bracts persistent, not coloured, smaller than leaves; calyx funnel-shaped, 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), lobes lanceolate to deltoid, posterior never decurrent, throat open, glabrous; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5- or 4-lobed (4/1 or 3/1), purplish, posterior lip ascending or forward-pointing, 3- or 4-lobed with median lobe emarginate or median lobes smaller than laterals, anterior lip horizontal, cucullate, corolla-tube straight or curved, sometimes slightly inflated at base, parallel-sided and dilating slightly at throat; stamens 4, held within tube or at base of the anterior lip, posterior pair attached just below corolla throat, glabrous, short, anterior pair attached at throat or just below, glabrous, very short; stigma-lobes diverging; disc 4-lobed with anterior lobe slightly larger, lobes alternating with nutlets; nutlets ovoid, with glands, not mucilaginous, areole inconspicuous.  Two species in China and Indochina, in mixed and evergreen forest.

Distribution

Native to:

36 China
38 Eastern Asia
40 Indian Subcontinent
41 Indo-China

Publication

Siphocranion Kudô, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 53 (1929); Li & Hedge in Wu & Raven (eds), Flora of China: 17: 268-291, reg. rev.; Paton and Ryding, Kew Bull. 53: 723-731 (1998).

Species found in RBG Kew living collections

2007-2526 Siphocranion macranthum N NEED   ALP_N  

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Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew