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Photo: Bramley, G.

Photo: Bramley, G.

Subfamily

VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).

Description

Annual or perennial, sometimes rhizomatous herbs or shrubs, with simple and sometimes branched hairs, usually aromatic; leaves often narrow, usually toothed, sessile to petiolate; inflorescence thyrsoid or sometimes racemoid, often dense; bracteoles present or absent; calyx zygomorphic or almost regular, 5-lobed, lobes subequal or unequal (1/4), mostly triangular, often spinose, tube often barbate in throat; corolla 2-lipped, 4-5-lobed (1-2/3), usually yellow or white, sometimes purple, posterior lip flat or almost so, deeply emarginate to entire, tube shorter than calyx; stamens included in corolla-tube, thecae confluent; stigma-lobes unequal; nutlets rounded at apex.  2n = 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 50, 56.  About 140 spp., various habitats, Macaronesia, Mediterranean region to Russia, Tibet and W China.  Mendoza-Heuer (1977) recognizes two subgenera: subg. Sideritis and subg. Marrubiastrum, the latter endemic to Macaronesia.

Distribution

Native to:

11 Middle Europe
12 Southwestern Europe
13 Southeastern Europe
14 Eastern Europe
20 Northern Africa
21 Macaronesia
32 Middle Asia
33 Caucasus
34 Western Asia
36 China
40 Indian Subcontinent

Introduced to:

77 South-Central U.S.A.

Synonyms

Cunila Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754).

Navicularia Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 48 (1759).

Fracastora Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 505 (1763).

Leria Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 190 (1763).

Brugsdorfia Moench, Methodus: 392 (1794).

Burgsdorfia Moench, Methodus: 392 (1794).

Hesiodia Moench, Methodus: 391 (1794).

Marrubiastrum Tourn. ex Moench, Methodus: 391 (1794).

Empedoclia Raf., Caratt. Nuov. Gen.: 78 (1810).

Leucophae Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3: 99 (1845).

Publication

Sideritis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 574 (1753); Pérez de Paz & Negrin, Phanerog. Monogr. 20: 1-327, plates 1-22 + 48 figs. (1992); Obón de Castro & Rivera, Phanerog. Monogr. 21: 1-640 (1994).

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Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1973-177 Sideritis argosphacelus (Webb) M.D.Clos N MEBR 7279 F TC 3 22  :  TRO_N 1 R5
2001-819 Sideritis hyssopifolia L. subsp. hyssopifolia N PRBG   157 21 
1991-589 Sideritis macrostachys Poir. N SPAR 9111 F TH 17   :  TRO_N SEED 
1993-2037 Sideritis macrostachys Poir. N SPAR 9111  TC 3 22  :  TRO_N SEED 
1981-3711 Sideritis nutans Svent.  BRML  F 148    :  TC 3 22  :  TRO_N 1 R5
2006-253 Sideritis phlomoides  HYTH   154 0714   :  166 01   :  ALP_N SEEDOUT07 
2005-2330 Sideritis trojana Bornm. N ALCW 2374  412 07 
2005-2337 Sideritis trojana Bornm. N ALCW 2374  412 06 
2005-1989 Sideritis trojana Bornm. N ALCW 2374  412 08 
2003-4058 Sideritis trojana Bornm. N ALCW 2374 F ARB_N 28 
1967-22356 Sideritis trojana Bornm. N ALCW 2374 F 135 02   :  154 0509
 

Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew