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Subfamily

VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 2. Tribe Mentheae Dumort. (1827).

VII. 2. B. Subtribe Menthinae (Dumort.) Endl. (1838).

Description

Small shrub, strongly aromatic; older stems often decumbent and rooting at base, with longitudinally fissured bark; leaves small, remote, ± spathulate, sessile, entire, canaliculate, conspicuously gland-dotted, margin ciliate with long, white hairs in lower half, cauline leaves with axillary fascicles of smaller leaves; inflorescence of verticillasters, cymes sessile, 1-3-flowered in axils of leaf-like bracts; bracts leaf-like; bracteoles inconspicuous; flowers minute; calyx urceolate, actinomorphic, 5-lobed, lobes broadly deltate, slightly spreading, calyx-tube c. 13-nerved with inconspicuous nerves, densely spreading-hairy outside, annulate at throat within, tube strongly accrescent in fruit, becoming globose-urceolate, inflated; corolla purplish-pink, ± actinomorphic, very small, 5-lobed, lobes subequal, erect, corolla-tube shortly campanulate-cylindrical, glabrous within; stamens 4, subequal, ± included within corolla, filaments glabrous, very short, thecae weakly divergent, separate, connective small; stigma-lobes slightly unequal, posterior lobe shorter; disc with elongate anterior lobe; nutlets oblong, apiculate, smooth, mucilaginous when wetted.  One species, S. satureioides Coss. & Durieu, Algeria.  Sandy margins of salt lakes, in desert.

Distribution

Native to:

20 Northern Africa

Synonyms

Faustia Font Quer & Rothm., Brotéria, Ci. Nat. 9: 150 (1940).

Publication

Saccocalyx Coss. & Durieu, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. Ser 3, 20: 80 (1853), nom. cons.

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Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew