IV. Subfam. Prostantheroideae Luerssen (1882).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Dicrastylidaceae Drummond ex Harvey (1855), nom. inval.

Verbenaceae tribe Viticeae subtribe Chloanthinae Benth. (1870).

Verbenaceae tribe Chloantheae Benth. (1895).

Stilbaceae subfam. Chloanthoideae Briq.: sensu Moldenke (1959).


IV. 1. Tribe Chlorantheae Benth. & Hook. f. (1876).


Shrubs or subshrubs; branches round or quadrangular in cross-section, indumentum of branched hairs or lepidote scales; leaves opposite or in whorls of 3-4; inflorescence thyrsoid, with flowers either on leafy branches (hence appearing axillary) and part-inflorescences usually few-flowered or terminal, leafy to bracteate, botryoidal or paniculate; bracteoles 2; flowers zygomorphic; calyx 5-lobed; corolla white, pale mauve, red, deep pink, purple-blue, occasionally pale yellow, tubular, distinctly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), posterior lip erect to extended forward, 2-lobed, or unequally 5-lobed in distal half, anterior lip usually spreading, 3-lobed, tube expanded in throat, hairy within; stamens 4, inserted near mid-point of corolla tube, included or shortly exserted; anthers dorsifixed, thecae free in lower half; ovary hairy, 2-lobed or unlobed; style rarely displaced laterally with stigma-lobes distinct; fruit separating into two 2-locular mericarps.  About 45 species, all endemic to Australia.  Pityrodia appears to be polyphyletic and parts of it may need to be united with Chloanthes R.BR. and Hemiphora F. Muell.


Native to:

50 Australia



Quoya Gaudich., Voy. Uranie: 453 (1829)., (1828).

Dasymalla Endl., Nov. Stirp. Dec.: 11 (1839).

Denisonia F.Muell., Fragm. 1: 124 (1859).

Depremesnilia F.Muell., Fragm. 10: 59 (1876).


Pityrodia R.Br., Prodr. 1: 513 (1810); Munir, J.Adelaide Bot. Gard. 2: 1-138 (1979).

Premna auct. non L., sensu Spreng. (1825). 


Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew