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Phlomis oreophila Kar. et. Kir.

Photo J. Osbourne

Subfamily

VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).

Description

Perennial herbs or small shrubs, usually with woody rhizomes and/or tubers at root tips, with branched and/or simple hairs, rarely with simple hairs only; leaves simple, entire or toothed, at least lower petiolate; inflorescence thyrsoid; bracteoles present or sometimes absent, mostly long; calyx 5-lobed, lobes equal or sometimes unequal (3/2), mostly broad at base and abruptly narrowed to a narrow apex, often expanded at margins, sometimes obsolete or triangular-acuminate, mostly spinose; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), purple, pink or yellow, posterior lip long, hooded, often deeply concave, often bearded with simple hairs at margins; stamens not or only shortly exserted, posterior pair often with outgrowths near base, thecae confluent to sometimes weakly distinct; stigma-lobes unequal or sometimes equal; nutlets rounded or truncate at apex, glabrous or hairy at apex.  2n = 12, 14, 20, 22, 40, 42.  Up to c. 100 spp., warm temperate, alpine and subtropical areas, from E Europe and the Mediterranean to Siberia, Korea, China, Nepal and N India.  Adylov et al. (1986) believe that the predominantly Asiatic section Phlomoides, characterized by its rather shallowly hooded posterior lip of the corolla with a bearded margin, should be transferred to a separate genus, Phlomoides Moench, along with some species of Eremostachys.

Distribution

Native to:

11 Middle Europe
12 Southwestern Europe
13 Southeastern Europe
14 Eastern Europe
20 Northern Africa
30 Siberia
31 Russian Far East
32 Middle Asia
33 Caucasus
34 Western Asia
36 China
37 Mongolia
38 Eastern Asia
40 Indian Subcontinent
41 Indo-China

Introduced to:

21 Macaronesia
75 Northeastern U.S.A.
76 Southwestern U.S.A.
51 New Zealand

Doubtfully present in:

35 Arabian Peninsula

Synonyms

Phlomoides Moench, Methodus: 403 (1794).

Orlowia Gueldenst. ex Georgi, Beschr. Russ. Reich. 3(5): 1089 (1800).

Phlomidopsis Link, Handbuch 1: 479 (1829).

Anemitis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 87 (1837).

Beloakon Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 87 (1837).

Blephiloma Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 95 (1837).

Hersilia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 88 (1837).

Trambis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 87 (1837).

Phlomitis Rchb. ex T.Nees, Gen. Fl. Germ. 2(7): 43 (1843).

Publication

Phlomis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 584 (1753).

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Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1998-1757 Phlomis 'Edward Bowles'  JOJP   135 02 
1977-6199 Phlomis anisodonta Boiss. N FLSX 303 F 155 06 
2004-1678 Phlomis armeniaca N KUMF   154 0706 
1998-1756 Phlomis bovei Noe  JOJP  F 154 0510 
1989-8146 Phlomis cashmeriana  CHAD sn  157 20 
1969-3608 Phlomis chrysophylla Boiss. N JEBG  F 752 05 
2000-4085 Phlomis cypria var. occidentalis N CLEN 120  154 0501 
1996-4600 Phlomis cypria var. occidentalis N CLEN 120  740 01   :  WAK_N SP 
1969-19325 Phlomis fruticosa L.     155 02 
1990-3664 Phlomis fruticosa L. N TURX 77 F 412 07 
1990-104 Phlomis fruticosa L. N SCHL 3032 F TH 25 BAY 6
1999-1501 Phlomis fruticosa L.    F 412 02 
2003-3613 Phlomis fruticosa L. N TURX 77 F ARB_N 29B 
1973-19599 Phlomis fruticosa L.    F 412 03 
1981-3400 Phlomis fruticosa L.  BELC  F 757    :  WAK_N GH 
1975-3828 Phlomis fruticosa L. N BOWJ  F DEC_N DUKES SOG
1973-6261 Phlomis fruticosa L. N SCHL 1198 F 757    :  WAK_N GH 
1978-4751 Phlomis fruticosa L. N COKX 2 F 155 06 
1996-2586 Phlomis fruticosa L. N SCHL 3148  757    :  WAK_N GH 
1990-3665 Phlomis grandiflora H.S.Thomps. N TURX 77 F 154 0910 
1998-2032 Phlomis grandiflora H.S.Thomps. N TURX 77 F 412 01 
1999-1144 Phlomis grandiflora var. grandiflora  CHIL   154 0706 
2003-4064 Phlomis italica L.    F ARB_N 29B  14
1973-14215 Phlomis italica L.    F 154 0511   :  155 02   :  DEC_N DUKES 
1973-4203 Phlomis italica L.  RHSW  F 751 HPG-H 
2001-2666 Phlomis italica L.  RHSW  F 757    :  WAK_N GH 
1987-2484 Phlomis lanata Willd. N BRMW 10125 F 757    :  WAK_N GH   :  WAK_N SP 
2006-795 Phlomis leucophracta P.H.Davis & Hub.-Mor. N ALCW 1906  ARB_N 29B 
1967-22312 Phlomis leucophracta P.H.Davis & Hub.-Mor. N ALCW 1906 F 155 06 
1978-1367 Phlomis longifolia Boiss.& Blanche  STBG  F 135 02   :  DEC_N Dukes Yard
1983-4196 Phlomis longifolia Boiss.& Blanche  MASN  F 757    :  WAK_N GH 
2006-1536 Phlomis lychnitis L. N AHAL 31  ARB_N 29a 
1968-29406 Phlomis lycia D.Don.  GEVA  F 135 03 
2000-4372 Phlomis pichleri  RASU   154 0519 
1999-1382 Phlomis pungens N GROG   154 0617 
2008-1533 Phlomis purpurea L. N AHAL 77  156 32 
1969-51499 Phlomis purpurea L.  GRIA  F 135 02 
2006-1611 Phlomis purpurea L. N AHAL 77  ARB_N  
1973-4202 Phlomis purpurea L.    F 751 HPG-E 
1989-2842 Phlomis purpurea L. N BRIC 13157 F 757    :  WAK_N GH 
1994-3650 Phlomis rotata N SICH 1315  154 0914 
2006-908 Phlomis russeliana (Sims) Benth.  ORDN   186 03 
1982-465 Phlomis russeliana (Sims) Benth. N BORD  F 154 0706   :  157 20 
1973-1077 Phlomis russeliana (Sims) Benth.  POLR  F 757  
1998-2339 Phlomis russeliana (Sims) Benth.  MAFA   157 79 
1990-8434 Phlomis samia L. N SCHL 3020 F 155 04 
1990-90 Phlomis samia L. N SCHL 3020 F 751 HPG-B 
1981-3399 Phlomis samia L.  BELC  F 757  
2000-3000 Phlomis samia L. N SCHL 3020 F 757  
1983-4198 Phlomis samia L. subsp. maroccana Maire N MASN  F 751 HPG-E 
1969-19326 Phlomis tatsienensis     157 20 
1996-882 Phlomis tuberosa 'Amazone'  PAGL   135 02 
1979-1737 Phlomis tuberosa L. N NYRK  F 157 20 
1999-2317 Phlomis tuberosa Turcz. N CHAR   154 0906
 

Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew