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Subfamily

II. Subfam. Viticoideae Briq. in Engler & Prantl (1895).

Description

Trees or shrubs; leaves simple; inflorescence axillary, cymose, paniculate, dense; flowers scented, pale yellow to white; calyx campanulate, subtruncate or regularly 4-lobed; corolla infundibular to hypocrateriform, actinomorphic, 4-lobed; stamens 4, included or slightly exserted, equal in length, inserted at top of tube with filaments very short, thecae parallel; ovary 2-locular, each locule with 2 ovules; style terminal, with stigma bilobed, lobes unequal; fruit a small drupe containing a single 2-4-seeded pyrene.  Two species, Bahamas and Greater Antilles.

Distribution

Native to:

78 Southeastern U.S.A.
79 Mexico
81 Caribbean

Synonyms

Scleroon Benth. ex Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 65 (1843).

Publication

Petitia Jacq. in Enum. Pl. Carib. 1 (1760); Moldenke, Rep. Spec. Nov. 42: 229-251 (1937), rev.

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Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew