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Photos: Harley, R.

Photos: Harley, R.

Subfamily

VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 3. Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (1829).

VII. 3. C. Subtribe Hyptidinae Endlicher (1838).

Description

Subshrubs or herbs, often strongly geoxylic, not aromatic; leaves simple, toothed, often bullate; inflorescence a solitary, many-flowered, axillary or terminal, long-pedunculate capitulum, bracts persistent, involucrate, ovate, green or coloured; bracteoles as bracts; flowers sessile; calyx tubular, straight, actinomorphic, becoming campanulate in fruit, 5-lobed, lobes subulate, rigid, erect with apices spreading and minutely foliaceous, often coloured; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), cream to yellow and/or vinaceous, lobes of posterior lip triangular, anterior lip with median lobe elongate, lateral lobes directed downward, corolla-tube narrow, widening above; stamens exserted from tube, filaments hairy; style without stylopodium; disc weakly developed; nutlets rotund, weakly trigonous, slightly mucilaginous.  2n = 30, 32.  Six species, savannas of southern Brazil and Paraguay, extending to eastern Bolivia and northern Argentina.

Distribution

Native to:

83 Western South America
84 Brazil
85 Southern South America

Publication

Peltodon Pohl. Pl. Bras. 1: 66 (1827); Epling, Rep. Spec. Nov. Beih. 85: 195-196 (1936), rev.

Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

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