IV. Subfam. Prostantheroideae Luerssen (1882).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Dicrastylidaceae Drummond ex Harvey (1855), nom. inval.

Verbenaceae tribe Viticeae subtribe Chloanthinae Benth. (1870).

Verbenaceae tribe Chloantheae Benth. (1895).

Stilbaceae subfam. Chloanthoideae Briq.: sensu Moldenke (1959).


IV. 1. Tribe Chlorantheae Benth. & Hook. f. (1876).


Shrubs or subshrubs; branches round in cross-section; indumentum densely lanate with hairs branched; leaves sessile or petiolate, decussate or in whorls of 3 or rarely 4; inflorescence a terminal thyrse, branched or less frequently unbranched, with part-inflorescences pedunculate, spike-like to almost head-like, many-flowered; bracteoles 2; flowers actinomorphic, sessile or subsessile; calyx 5- or 6-lobed, rarely more than 6-lobed, densely woolly; corolla purple to blue, or yellow to whitish yellow, 5- or 6-lobed in distal half, rarely 4- or more than 6-lobed, lobes equal, tube expanded in throat; stamens 5 or 6, rarely more, inserted in corolla-tube, exserted or included, anthers dorsifixed, free and divergent in lower half; ovary unlobed; style with stigma-lobes minute or stigma almost entire; fruit dry, globose, indehiscent, 1- or 2-seeded.  Twelve species, all endemic to Australia.


Native to:

50 Australia


Newcastelia F.Muell., Hook. J. Bot. Kew Misc. [8: 326 (1856), nom. nud.]; 9: 22 (1857); Munir, Brunonia 1: 407-689 (1978).

Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew