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Subfamily

IV. Subfam. Prostantheroideae Luerssen (1882).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Dicrastylidaceae Drummond ex Harvey (1855), nom. inval.

Verbenaceae tribe Viticeae subtribe Chloanthinae Benth. (1870).

Verbenaceae tribe Chloantheae Benth. (1895).

Stilbaceae subfam. Chloanthoideae Briq.: sensu Moldenke (1959).

 

IV. 2. Tribe Westringieae Bartl. (1830).

Tribe prostanthereae Benth. (1834).

Description

Shrubs or subshrubs, non-aromatic; branches mostly round in cross-section (except distal branchlets usually quadrangular in cross-section); leaves decussate or whorled; inflorescence thyrsoid, with flowers on leafy branches (hence appearing axillary) and part-inflorescences usually few-flowered; bracteoles 2; calyx often apparently 2-lipped, 5-lobed; corolla pale to dark mauve, pinkish or red, occasionally almost white, 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), posterior lip erect to extended forward, anterior lip usually spreading, tube expanded in throat; stamens 2 fertile, anterior pair reduced to staminodes, inserted on posterior side of corolla-throat, anthers 1-thecous, other theca sterile, often terminated by trichomes, connective lacking a basal appendage, elongated beyond its insertion on the filament into a short, dilated and bearded end, staminodes inserted on anterior side of corolla-throat, with thecae reduced to 2 sterile linear-clavate branches, connective lacking a basal appendage; fruit of 4 mericarps, usually not enclosed by calyx lobes.  About 20 species all endemic to Australia.

Distribution

Native to:

50 Australia

Synonyms

Anisandra Bartl. in J.G.C.Lehmann, Pl. Preiss. 1: 361 (1845).

Publication

Microcorys R.Br., Prodr. 1: 502 (1810).

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Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew