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Subfamily

VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).

Description

Annual or perennial herbs, with at least some branched hairs and often also with simple hairs; leaves usually toothed, petiolate; inflorescence thyrsoid or rarely racemoid; calyx 5-15 (-30)-lobed, lobes equal or variously unequal, usually ± spiny, sometimes uncinate; corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), posterior lip 2-lobed, long or moderately long, flat or almost so, tube shorter than calyx; stamens included in corolla-tube, thecae confluent or subconfluent; style included in corolla-tube, stigma-lobes unequal or subequal; nutlets rounded or subtruncate at apex, glabrous or with sessile glands at apex.  2n = 20, 26, 28, 34, 54.  About 40 spp., mainly in rather dry places, Europe and N Africa to Pakistan, with M. vulgare L. more widespread and introduced elsewhere.

Distribution

Native to:

10 Northern Europe
11 Middle Europe
12 Southwestern Europe
13 Southeastern Europe
14 Eastern Europe
20 Northern Africa
21 Macaronesia
32 Middle Asia
33 Caucasus
34 Western Asia
35 Arabian Peninsula
36 China
40 Indian Subcontinent

Introduced to:

27 Southern Africa
50 Australia
51 New Zealand
60 Southwestern Pacific
70 Subarctic America
71 Western Canada
72 Eastern Canada
73 Northwestern U.S.A.
74 North-Central U.S.A.
75 Northeastern U.S.A.
76 Southwestern U.S.A.
77 South-Central U.S.A.
78 Southeastern U.S.A.
79 Mexico
83 Western South America
84 Brazil
85 Southern South America

Synonyms

Padota Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 505 (1763).

Atirbesia Raf., Autik. Bot.: 117 (1840).

Maropsis Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 121 (1874). 

Publication

Marrubium L., Sp. Pl. 2: 582 (1753); Seybold, Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk. A. 310 (1978).

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Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1990-3611 Marrubium astracanicum Jacq. N TURX 41 F 412 05 
1994-459 Marrubium astracanicum Jacq. subsp. astracanicum N TURX 237 F ARB_N MSB 
2008-700 Marrubium catariaefolium N GEAG   157 01 
1977-1041 Marrubium cylleneum Boiss.& Heldr.  CHAT  F 135 02 
1994-496 Marrubium parviflorum Fisch.& C.A.Mey. subsp. oligodon (Boiss.) Siebold N TURX 248 F ARB_N MSB 
1994-1874 Marrubium vulgare L.  CHLS   111 08
 

Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew