VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).
VII. 2. Tribe Mentheae Dumort. (1827).
VII. 2. B. Subtribe Menthinae (Dumort.) Endl. (1838).
Perennial herbs, with horizontal rhizomes or runners, sometimes tuberiferous, weakly or not aromatic, with simple hairs; leaves opposite, petiolate or sessile, ovate to lanceolate or linear, variously toothed or pinnatifid; inflorescence of tight, axillary verticillasters; flowers sessile to subsessile; calyx actinomorphic to weakly zygomorphic, not accrescent, tubular-campanulate to campanulate, 4-5-nerved, 4-5-lobed, lobes ± equal, ovate to lanceolate-subulate or aristate, throat glabrous; corolla white, usually weakly zygomorphic, occasionally ± actinomorphic or 2-lipped, lobes usually 4, posterior and sometimes anterior lobe larger than lateral ones, all entire or posterior lobe bifid, tube straight; stamens 2 (posterior pair reduced to staminodes or absent), exserted or included, filaments glabrous, thecae parallel to divergent, separate at dehiscence; style often expanded near base to form flange covering top of ovary; stigma-lobes equal or unequal; disc symmetrical; nutlets obovoid-tetrahedral, often with conspicuously toothed to tuberculate apical crest, glabrous, inner and upper faces often densely glandular. 2n = 22. About 14 species of wet habitats, mostly in the north-temperate zone (one species in Australia).
10 Northern Europe11 Middle Europe12 Southwestern Europe13 Southeastern Europe14 Eastern Europe20 Northern Africa21 Macaronesia30 Siberia31 Russian Far East32 Middle Asia33 Caucasus34 Western Asia36 China38 Eastern Asia40 Indian Subcontinent41 Indo-China50 Australia70 Subarctic America71 Western Canada72 Eastern Canada73 Northwestern U.S.A.74 North-Central U.S.A.75 Northeastern U.S.A.76 Southwestern U.S.A.77 South-Central U.S.A.78 Southeastern U.S.A.
51 New Zealand
Phytosalpinx Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 2 (1917), nom. illeg. Euhemus Raf., Autik. Bot.: 115 (1840).
Lycopus L., Sp. Pl. 1: 21 (1753); L., Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 12 (1754); Henderson, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 68: 95-138 (1962), rev.
Species found in RBG Kew living collections
1992-1417 Lycopus europaeus L. N AARH F 310 5
© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew