VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 2. Tribe Mentheae Dumort. (1827).

VII. 2. C. Subtribe Nepetinae Coss. & Germ. (1845).


Perennial herbs or subshrubs, aromatic; leaves simple; inflorescence thyrsoid, terminal, spike-like or in ovoid heads or paniculate, cymes often long-pedunculate or shortly pedunculate in axils of bracts; bracts leaf-like; bracteoles subulate, inconspicuous; flowers resupinate; calyx tubular or tubular-campanulate, indistinctly 2-lipped, 5-lobed, (3/2), lobes unequal, triangular, throat open, calyx-tube annulate within; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed, (2/3), blue-violet or pink, anterior lip 3-lobed, median lobe concave or flat, margin undulate or entire, lateral lobes deltoid to ovate, posterior lip 2-lobed, tube gradually widening above, exserted or included in calyx; stamens exserted or included, filaments parallel, thecae parallel or divergent at acute angle; stigma-lobes subequal; disc 4-lobed; nutlets trigonous to ellipsoid, smooth or tuberculate.  2n = 16.  Circa 20 species.  Mountains of Afghanistan, C Asia, Mongolia and China.  Some species used medicinally.


Native to:

30 Siberia
32 Middle Asia
34 Western Asia
36 China
37 Mongolia
40 Indian Subcontinent


Vleckia Raf., Med. Repos., II, 5: 352 (1808).


Lophanthus Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 194 (1763); Budantsev, Bot. Zhurn. 77, 9: 69-77 (1992), rev.


Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew