VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 2. Tribe Mentheae Dumort. (1827).

VII. 2. C. Subtribe Nepetinae Coss. & Germ. (1845).


Annual or biennial herbs; leaves simple; inflorescence thyrsoid, terminal, spike-like or oblong, often interrupted, cymes few-flowered, sessile or rarely on very short peduncles in axils of leaf-like bracts; bracts ovate to linear, weakly toothed to entire, rarely aristate above; bracteoles ovate to rotund or sometimes linear, aristate-toothed; pedicels flattened, erect; calyx tubular, straight or curved, 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), lobes unequal, triangular, aristate, posterior lip with median lobe broadest, sinus between calyx-lobes with a thickened fold or not, throat closed by connivent lips in fruit; corolla strongly 2-lipped (2/3), posterior lip with 2 longitudinal folds inside, anterior lip with lateral lobes directed downwards, tube widening above; stamens included under corolla lip, filaments parallel, thecae glabrous, divergent at 180; stigma-lobes subequal; disc 4-lobed; nutlets oblong, trigonous, smooth, mucilaginous.  2n = 14.  Five species.  Mediterranean, SW and C Asia.  Some medicinal, seed oils.


Native to:

30 Siberia
32 Middle Asia
33 Caucasus
34 Western Asia
35 Arabian Peninsula
36 China
40 Indian Subcontinent


Lallemantia Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Petropol. 6: 52 (1839).

Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew