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Subfamily

VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 2. Tribe Mentheae Dumort. (1827).

VII. 2. B. Subtribe Menthinae (Dumort.) Endl. (1838).

Description

Dwarf, mat-forming perennial herb, aromatic; stems procumbent, often rhizomatous, subterranean at base, with reduced, scale-leaves; leaves small, entire, densely hairy; inflorescence of 1(-2)-flowered cymes, sessile, subtended by bracts and crowded towards shoot-apex; bracts leaf-like; bracteoles paired, inconspicuous; calyx actinomorphic, 5-lobed, lobes equal, triangular, with apex long-subulate, plumose, curved, more than 2x as long as tube, spreading in fruit, calyx-tube shortly cylindrical-infundibuliform, 15-nerved, externally patent-hairy, throat annulate within; corolla lilac, 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), posterior lip shallowly lobed, shorter than anterior lip, corolla-tube long-exserted from calyx, narrow at base, gradually widening toward throat, straight, glabrous within; stamens 4, didynamous, exserted from corolla-tube, divergent, anterior pair longer, thecae weakly divergent, separate, connective small; stigma-lobes flattened, slightly unequal, posterior shorter; disc symmetrical; nutlets oblong, mid-brown, smooth, not mucilaginous.  One species, K. pulchella (Clos) Kuntze, Chile: Atacama and Coquimbo and adjacent Argentina.

Distribution

Native to:

85 Southern South America

Synonyms

* Soliera Clos in C.Gay, Fl. Chil. 4: 489 (1849), nom. illeg., non J.G. Agardh (1842).

* Basionym/Replaced Synonym

Publication

Kurzamra Kuntze, Rev. Gen.: 520 (1891).

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Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew