Photos: Bramley, G.


III. Subfam. Ajugoideae Kostel. (1834).

Subfam. Teucrioideae (Dumort.) Caruel (1884).


Trees and shrubs, at least some aromatic; leaves opposite, petiolate, ovate to obovate or suborbicular, entire or crenate; inflorescence a lax axillary cyme or terminal thyrse; calyx actinomorphic, greatly accrescent, broadly infundibular in fruit, 5-lobed, lobes ovate to dome-shaped or obsolescent; corolla purple or whitish, 1-lipped with only anterior lip present, 5-lobed, anterior lobe largest, concave, sometimes fimbriate, tube straight or curved, sometimes gibbous, corolla in bud usually asymmetrical; stamens 4, subequal, long-exserted, filaments arched, anther-thecae parallel or divaricate, confluent or separate at dehiscence; pollen psilate or bearing blunt, irregularly shaped supratectal protuberances; ovary unlobed; stigma-lobes equal or unequal; disc poorly developed to absent; fruit dry, obconical and apically truncate or with four horn-like projections, or globose, usually pubescent, 4-seeded, remaining intact or splitting into four mericarps, attachment scar as long as mericarp; endosperm absent.  Nine species, one in Vietnam, the others in Madagascar and eastern and southern Africa.


Native to:

25 East Tropical Africa
26 South Tropical Africa
27 Southern Africa
29 Western Indian Ocean
41 Indo-China


Karomia Dop, Bull. Mus. Hist. Hat. (Paris), ser. 2, 4: 1052 (1932); R. Fern., Garcia de Orta, Ser. Bot., Lisboa 7: 33-46 (1985).

Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1990-1266 Karomia speciosa (Hutch.& Corbishley) R.Fern.  KRST  F TH 22  


Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew