Photos: Harley, R.

Photos: Harley, R.

Photos: Harley, R.


VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 3. Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (1829).

VII. 3. C. Subtribe Hyptidinae Endlicher (1838).


Shrubs or subshrubs, often aromatic; stems usually virgate, erect, upper internodes often glabrous, pruinose, fistulose and inflated, nodes and lower stems often with long, rigid setose hairs; leaves simple, toothed or lobed; inflorescence thyrsoid, lax or congested, cymes usually 1(-3)-flowered, rarely to 6-flowered, pedunculate; bracts inconspicuous, caducous or persistent; flowers sessile, except in H. vitifolia (Pohl ex Benth.) Harley, but appearing pedicellate, with usually bracteoles at base of calyx, flowers rarely resupinate; bracteoles minute, persistent; calyx campanulate to tubular, actinomorphic, 5-lobed or two-lipped, (3/2), lobes subequal, or posterior connate at base, deltate, rarely long-subulate at apex, throat hairy or not; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), lilac, blue, white or bright red to orange or pink, anterior lip with apex of median lobe rounded to acute, margin toothed, lateral lobes spreading or directed forward, tube often elongate, cylindrical, rarely infundibuliform, often constricted at base; stamens exserted from tube, filaments pubescent; style jointed, but stylopodium not overtopping ovary; disc weakly lobed, anterior lobe larger; nutlets ovoid, weakly mucilaginous. 2n = 12, 20, 22, 28.  About 23 species in seasonal to semi-arid savannas in southern and north-eastern Brazil, extending into eastern Paraguay and Bolivia.


Native to:

82 Northern South America
84 Brazil
85 Southern South America


Hypenia (Mart. ex Benth.) Harley, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 98: 91 (1988); Atkinson, unpubl. thesis (1998), (as Eriope) rev..

Hyptis Jacq. Sect. Hypenia Mart. ex Benth. (1833).

Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1994-3583 Hypenia salzmannii (Benth.) Harley N HRLE 14941 F JOD SEED T3


Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew