IV. Subfam. Prostantheroideae Luerssen (1882).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Dicrastylidaceae Drummond ex Harvey (1855), nom. inval.

Verbenaceae tribe Viticeae subtribe Chloanthinae Benth. (1870).

Verbenaceae tribe Chloantheae Benth. (1895).

Stilbaceae subfam. Chloanthoideae Briq.: sensu Moldenke (1959).


IV. 2. Tribe Westringieae Bartl. (1830).

Tribe prostanthereae Benth. (1834).


Shrubs or subshrubs, erect to prostrate, non-aromatic; branches mostly round in cross-section (except distal branchlets usually quadrangular in cross-section); leaves decussate, pungent; inflorescence thyrsoid, with flowers on leafy branches (hence appearing axillary) and part-inflorescences usually few-flowered; bracteoles 2; calyx distinctly 2-lipped, 5-lobed; corolla white, pale mauve, red, often pinkish, blue-green, occasionally yellow, 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), posterior lip erect to extended forward, anterior lip usually spreading, with middle lobe often 2-fid, tube expanded in throat; stamens 4, anthers 1-thecous, sterile theca reduced to tooth-like appendage, connective lacking a basal appendage, elongated beyond insertion of the filament; fruit of 4 mericarps, enclosed or not enclosed by calyx-lobes.  About 14 species, all endemic to Australia.


Native to:

50 Australia


Hemiandra R.Br., Prodr. 1: 502 (1810).

Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew