N.B. the name of the author should have an accent, however this has been removed as it corrupts the program used to create the factsheets. 

VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 3. Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (1829).

VII. 3. B. Subtribe Hanceolinae (C.Y. Wu) A.J. Paton, Ryding & Harley, in Harley, Paton & Ryding, Kew Bull. 58: 485-489 (2003).


Herbs; leaves simple; inflorescence thyrsoid with cymes usually pedunculate, bracteate, usually bracteolate, 1-7-flowered; bracts persistent, not coloured, smaller than leaves; calyx campanulate or funnel-shaped, actinomorphic or two-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2, 1/4 or regularly 5-toothed), lobes lanceolate to deltoid, posterior sometimes decurrent, throat open, glabrous; corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed (4/1), usually purplish, sometimes white or yellow, posterior lip spreading or forward-pointing, lateral lobes spreading or forward-pointing, anterior lip deflexed, concave or cucullate, corolla-tube curved, dilating from midpoint towards throat; stamens 4, held over anterior lip or sometimes exserted beyond it, posterior pair attached just below corolla throat, papillate or glabrous, anterior pair attached at throat, glabrous or papillate; stigma-lobes diverging; disc 4-lobed with anterior lobe larger, lobes alternating with nutlets; nutlets ovoid, with glands, not mucilaginous, areole inconspicuous.  About eight species, endemic to China, in evergreen and mixed forests.


Native to:

36 China


* Hancea Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 309 (1891), (1890) nom illegit.

* Basionym/Replaced Synonym


Hanceola Kudô, Mem Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 54 (1929); Paton & Ryding, Kew Bull. 53: 723-731 (1998).


Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew